Skip to main content

Even with four months to go, we predict the 2023 Phrase of the Year will be “artificial intelligence.” But like a discount utensil packaged in one of those pale blue gift boxes, some marketers are using the term to conceal that what they’re peddling is nothing more than old-school deception. The FTC has charged that defendants Automators AI (formerly known as Empire Ecommerce and Onyx Distribution), Roman Cresto, John Cresto, and Andrew Chapman have violated the Business Opportunity Rule and the FTC Act by – among other things –  making misleading earnings claims, often couched in terminology du jour. The lawsuit also alleges the defendants have used illegal contract clauses in an effort to squelch customer complaints, in violation of the Consumer Review Fairness Act.

According to the FTC, through both Automators AI and the previous companies, the defendants have promoted themselves as ecommerce experts and self-made millionaires who have helped thousands of consumers make big bucks by running third-party stores on platforms like Amazon, Walmart, and Facebook. Through websites, videos, email, and social media, the defendants have made eye-popping claims about what their clients have made and what others can expect to make – for example, “$4k-$6k consistently monthly net profit” and “597k in 8 months.” The FTC says the defendants bolster those representations by touting their purported use of artificial intelligence, claiming the company “integrates AI machine learning into the automation process, resulting in increased revenue and margins.” The defendants also allegedly lure people in with testimonials from supposedly satisfied customers. According to one endorser, “[M]y store has been able to do $1 million dollars in revenue in the past 4 months alone.”

Automators AI complaint exhibit

The complaint alleges the defendants offered consumers an array of “automated packages” for an initial investment of between $10,000 to $125,000. The FTC says the defendants’ representatives further claimed that the stores they managed were delivering monthly profit margins between 8% and 20%, due in part to the “AI machine learning” they used to maximize revenues.

Even after the defendants reconfigured their operations under the Automators AI name, the FTC says the money-making claims continued. According to one social media post, “Our partners run an entire store for you, while you collect a passive check every month. Yes, completely passive, you just pay a one time upfront cost and get mailbox money.” They also introduced a “coaching” program that for thousands more would supposedly show people how to “use AI or chatgpt tools” to “scale an Amazon store to 10k a month and beyond.”

That’s the picture the defendants drew for consumers, but the FTC says it’s far from the truth. According to the complaint, “By June 2022, less than 10 percent of the stores that [the defendants] managed for its clients were active and generating sales, and by October 2022, most of those stores were suspended or terminated” for violating Amazon’s policies. Furthermore, the FTC alleges that the majority of the stores the defendants tried to open – often after their Amazon stores were suspended – were never activated or were terminated for various policy violations.

The FTC says the defendants were well aware of consumers’ dissatisfaction. According to the company’s head of customer service, they routinely received numerous complaints from people reporting that they were losing money because their stores weren’t performing as advertised. Rather than give refunds, the FTC says the defendants typically offer purchasers a “remedy” in the form of another ecommerce store in a different marketplace. But first, the defendants allegedly require them to sign an agreement that includes a clause that threatens “legal action” if customers “disparage or otherwise harm the other Party's reputation, goodwill, or commercial interests.” According to the FTC, the upshot for consumers who have sunk their savings with the defendants is that many of them are now saddled with significant financial losses.

In addition to alleging Section 5 violations, the FTC says the defendants have violated the Business Opportunity Rule by – among other things – making misrepresentations about income or profits, failing to furnish prospective buyers with the disclosure document mandated by the Rule, making earnings claims without providing other required information, and failing to include required information in general media ads. The FTC also alleges that the defendants’ form contracts violate the Consumer Review Fairness Act by restricting people’s ability to offer their honest opinions about their dealings with the defendants.

A federal court in California has temporarily halted the operations of Automators AI.  But even at this early stage, the case offers three important pointers for other companies.

Conduct a Business Opportunity Rule compliance check. In addition to the FTC Act’s prohibition on deceptive or unfair practices, the Business Opportunity Rule includes legally enforceable dos and don’ts for covered companies. Your first step: Read the Rule to see if you meet the definition of a “business opportunity.” Next, review your marketing materials – including videos, social media posts, and other ways you communicate with potential customers – to make sure you’re complying with all the requirements of the Rule. Looking for more information? The FTC has advice for covered companies.

Substantiate all claims related to earnings, profits, or other financial benefits.  It’s FTC 101 that before making any objective product claim, advertisers need to have solid proof in hand that supports what they say. That legal fundamental applies with full force to money-making representations. Don’t make claims if you don’t have appropriate substantiation. Don’t cite cherry-picked results or best-case scenarios. And don’t rely on hope or hyperbole.

Read your form contracts and delete provisions that violate the Consumer Review Fairness Act. The Consumer Review Fairness Act protects people’s ability to share their honest opinions about a business’s products, services, or conduct. Using contract provisions to squelch those rights violates the law. Read Consumer Review Fairness Act: What Businesses Need to Know for compliance advice.

It is your choice whether to submit a comment. If you do, you must create a user name, or we will not post your comment. The Federal Trade Commission Act authorizes this information collection for purposes of managing online comments. Comments and user names are part of the Federal Trade Commission’s (FTC) public records system, and user names also are part of the FTC’s computer user records system. We may routinely use these records as described in the FTC’s Privacy Act system notices. For more information on how the FTC handles information that we collect, please read our privacy policy.

The purpose of this blog and its comments section is to inform readers about Federal Trade Commission activity, and share information to help them avoid, report, and recover from fraud, scams, and bad business practices. Your thoughts, ideas, and concerns are welcome, and we encourage comments. But keep in mind, this is a moderated blog. We review all comments before they are posted, and we won’t post comments that don’t comply with our commenting policy. We expect commenters to treat each other and the blog writers with respect.

  • We won’t post off-topic comments, repeated identical comments, or comments that include sales pitches or promotions.
  • We won’t post comments that include vulgar messages, personal attacks by name, or offensive terms that target specific people or groups.
  • We won’t post threats, defamatory statements, or suggestions or encouragement of illegal activity.
  • We won’t post comments that include personal information, like Social Security numbers, account numbers, home addresses, and email addresses. To file a detailed report about a scam, go to

We don't edit comments to remove objectionable content, so please ensure that your comment contains none of the above. The comments posted on this blog become part of the public domain. To protect your privacy and the privacy of other people, please do not include personal information. Opinions in comments that appear in this blog belong to the individuals who expressed them. They do not belong to or represent views of the Federal Trade Commission.

Karl David Mohn
August 23, 2023

too bad they can't be put in prison for stealing peoples money