In 2018, the Consumer Sentinel Network has seen a striking increase in the median dollar amount that people 70 and over are saying they lost to fraud. Digging into the data, we found some common stories with an unusual twist: people 70 and older report mailing huge amounts of cash to people who pretended to be their grandchildren.
People 70 and over rarely report to the FTC that they paid a scammer with cash. But for one particular type of fraud – family and friend imposters – fully 25% of people 70 and over who reported to the FTC how they paid money told us they sent cash.1
We call these family and friend imposter scams, but you may know them as the “grandparent scam” and with good reason. People 70 and over report that the scammer posed as a grandchild, usually a grandson, about 70% of the time.2
People from all age groups reported median individual losses of about $2,000 to family and friend imposters – far higher than the median loss of $462 reported to us this year for all fraud types.3 But the story is much worse for people 70 and over who sent cash – they reported median individual losses of $9,000.4
When we looked at fraud reports from all age groups, and from all Sentinel data contributors,5 we found that aggregate losses to family and friend imposters have increased. Losses over the past year reached $41 million, as compared to $26 million in the previous year.6
Like many scams, these start with a phone call7 using some common ploys. In about half of the reports of cash payments, people said the caller claimed to be in jail or other legal trouble.8 About a third of these reports mentioned a so-called car accident (some mentioning texting or drinking while driving).9 In both cases, the callers play on people’s emotions and sense of loyalty: they may be told they’re the only person trusted enough to call for help, and they’re often told not to tell anyone.
These scammers are experts at impersonating people they’ve never even met. Car accident injuries, often broken noses, or uncontrolled sobbing explain away a voice that might not sound quite right. Scammers use personal details from social media sites to make their stories more believable. Or they may simply wait for their target to use a name – “Steve, is that you?” – and take the cue.
According to reports, callers often give very specific instructions about how to send cash. Many people said they were told to divide the bills into envelopes and place them between the pages of a magazine. Then, according to reports, they were told to send them using various carriers, including UPS, FedEx, and the U.S. Postal Service.
What can you do about these scams? Talk about them. Many people have gotten these calls, so help others know what to do to spot and avoid the scam:
- Don’t act right away, no matter how dramatic the story is.
- Call that family member or friend, and make sure you use a phone number that you know is right. Or check it out with someone else in your circle, even if the caller told you to keep it a secret.
- Be careful about what you post on social media. If your personal details are public, someone can use them to defraud you and people who care about you.
If you’ve mailed cash, report it right away to the Postal Service or whichever shipping company you used. Some people have been able to stop delivery by acting quickly and giving a tracking number. Also tell the FTC at FTC.gov/complaint. Learn more about this and other imposter scams at FTC.gov/imposters.
To explore Sentinel data, visit FTC.gov/data.
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1 This figure is based on 2018 fraud reports submitted directly to the FTC that indicated a monetary loss and excludes reports that do not indicate a payment method. For comparison, in 2017 one in fourteen people 70 and over who reported to the FTC how they paid money told us they sent cash.
2 This figure was determined through keyword analysis of the narratives provided in the specified subset of reports.
3 This figure is based on reports submitted directly to the FTC in 2018 that indicated a monetary loss of $1 to $999,999.
4 This figure is based on reports submitted directly to the FTC in 2018 that indicated a monetary loss of $1 to $999,999 and excludes reports that do not indicate age.
5 The Consumer Sentinel Network includes reports filed directly with the FTC and with 42 Sentinel data contributors, including other government agencies, nonprofit organizations, and companies.
6 These figures are based on the 12-month periods ending October 31, 2018 and October 31, 2017.
7 Telephone is the method of contact specified in 58% of reports indicating a monetary loss submitted directly to the FTC classified as “imposter: family/friend” and 84% of the subset of these reports with a payment method of cash. These figures exclude reports that do not indicate a contact method.
8 This figure was determined through keyword analysis of the narratives provided in the specified subset of reports.