Presentation: Framing the Conversation
Solon Barocas is a Postdoctoral Research Associate at the Center for Information Technology Policy at Princeton University. He completed his doctorate in the Department of Media, Culture, and Communication at New York University, and is now a Research Fellow at the Information Law Institute at the School of Law. His research focuses on emerging applications of machine learning and the ethical and epistemological issues that they raise. His most recent work explores the specific processes that can render data mining discriminatory, with a particular focus on employment decisions. This work figures into a larger and ongoing collaborative research project on fairness in algorithmic decision-making. He currently serves on the Council for Big Data, Ethics, and Society, housed at the Data & Society Research Institute.
Panel 1: Assessing the Current Environment
Kristin Amerling is chief investigative counsel and director of oversight for the Senate Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation. She was previously president and executive director of the non-profit organization Taxpayers Against Fraud, and served on the staff of Rep. Henry Waxman in positions including chief counsel for the House Committee on Energy and Commerce and chief counsel for the House Committee on Oversight and Government Reform. Amerling also has worked in private practice as an associate at Steptoe and Johnson, LLP, and served as State of Maine press secretary for former Senate Majority Leader George Mitchell.
danah boyd is a Principal Researcher at Microsoft Research, a Research Assistant Professor at New York University, and a Fellow at Harvard’s Berkman Center for Internet and Society. She is the founder and president of the think/do tank, Data & Society Research Institute. Her research examines the intersection of technology and society and is currently focusing on research questions related to big data, privacy and publicity, and teen culture. Her recent book - It’s Complicated: The Social Lives of Networked Teens - has received widespread praise from scholars, parents, and journalists.
Mallory Duncan has served as senior vice president and general counsel for the National Retail Federation for more than fifteen years. He is responsible for coordinating strategic legislative and regulatory initiatives involving customer data privacy, financial services and consumer protection.
Gene Gsell is Senior Vice President, U.S. Retail & CPG of SAS, the largest independent vendor in the business intelligence market, where he leads the comprehensive business and strategic operations of the U.S. Retail & CPG business unit within the Americas. He has 30 years of sales and marketing experience at several retail and wholesale companies including Danskin, The Timberland Company, Hanes Hosiery, and Federated Department Stores. Gene also has expertise in e-commerce strategy and channel development.
David Robinson is a Principal at Robinson + Yu, which provides Internet expertise for policymakers and is currently working with major civil rights organizations to research the civil rights implications of big data, in areas ranging from consumer finance to marketing to employment. Robinson served as the founding Associate Director of Princeton University’s Center for Information Technology Policy, a joint venture combining computer science and public policy. Robinson’s published scholarship and popular writing analyzes policy issues that raise both legal and technological questions, and he has written and reported for TIME and for the Wall Street Journal.
Joseph Turow is the Robert Lewis Shayon Professor of Communication at the University of Pennsylvania’s Annenberg School for Communication. He has authored nine books, edited five books, and written more than 150 articles on mass media industries. His most recent titles are Media Today: Mass Communication in a Converging World (Routledge, 2014) and The Daily You: How the New Advertising Industry is Defining Your Identity and Your Worth (Yale University Press, 2012). Turow’s continuing national surveys of the American public on issues relating to marketing, new media, and society have received a great deal of attention in the popular press as well as in the research community.
Panel 2: What’s on the Horizon with Big Data?
Alessandro Acquisti is a Professor of Information Technology and Public Policy at the Heinz College, Carnegie Mellon University, and the co-director of the CMU Center for Behavioral Decision Research. Acquisti’s work investigates the economics and behavioral economics of privacy and information security. Acquisti has been the recipient of the PET Award for Outstanding Research in Privacy Enhancing Technologies, the IBM Best Academic Privacy Faculty Award, the Heinz College School of Information’s Teaching Excellence Award, and multiple Best Paper awards.
Pamela Dixon is the founder and executive director of the World Privacy Forum. Her privacy research has been showcased in Congress, at the FTC, in the media, and has formed the basis for state and U.S. national legislation, particularly in the areas of health privacy. Dixon has written studies on consumer privacy, data brokers, online privacy, financial privacy, health privacy, and self-regulation. Most recently, Dixon was the lead co-author of The Scoring of America, a deeply researched report on how consumer data and analytics are used in the marketplace. Dixon’s most recent book, co-authored with Bob Gellman, Online Privacy, was published by ABC-CLIO books.
Cynthia Dwork is a Distinguished Scientist at Microsoft Research and is renowned for placing privacy-preserving data analysis on a mathematically rigorous foundation. A cornerstone of this work is differential privacy, a strong privacy guarantee frequently permitting highly accurate data analysis. In recent years, she has expanded her efforts in formalizing social concepts to the problem of achieving fairness in classification systems. Dr. Dwork has also made seminal contributions in cryptography and distributed computing, and is a recipient of the Edsger W. Dijkstra Prize, recognizing some of her earliest work establishing the pillars on which every fault-tolerant system has been built for decades. She is a member of the National Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Engineering, and a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.
Mark MacCarthy is the vice president for Public Policy of the Software & Information Industry Association where he directs SIIA’s public policy initiatives in the areas of intellectual property enforcement, information privacy, cybersecurity, cloud computing, and the promotion of educational technology. McCarthy is also an adjunct faculty member at Georgetown University where he teaches courses in information privacy and tech policy in the Communication, Culture, and Technology Program.
Stuart Pratt is the President and CEO of the Consumer Data Industry Association, which includes businesses that provide companies with the data and analytical tools necessary to manage risk. Pratt has advised U.S. presidential and gubernatorial task forces on the importance of the free flow of information to the U.S. economy and testifies regularly before Congress.
Nicol Turner-Lee is Vice President and Chief Research and Policy Officer for the Minority Media and Telecommunications Council, a 28-year old minority media advocacy organization, where she is responsible for designing and implementing its research and policy agenda. Previously, at the Joint Center for Political and Economic Studies, Dr. Turner-Lee created the first “National Minority Broadband Adoption Study” which was cited in the Federal Communications Commission’s congressionally mandated National Broadband Plan as well as a subsequent report detailing the information needs of communities. In 2011, Dr. Turner-Lee was appointed to the Federal Advisory Committee on Diversity in the Digital Age by former FCC Chairman Julius Genachowski.
Presentation: Digging into the Data
Latanya Sweeney is a professor of government and technology at Harvard University and the founder and director of Harvard’s data privacy lab. She has testified before Congress and the European Commission and participated in numerous federal regulatory and advisory committees. She is a fellow of the American College of Medical Informatics. Sweeney holds a Ph.D. in computer science, master’s degrees in electrical engineering and computer science from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and a bachelor’s degree in computer science from Harvard. Dr. Sweeney’s research has focused on the de-identification of data, developing privacy technologies, and the protection of health information.
Jinyan Zang was a Research Fellow in Technology and Data Governance at the FTC in 2014. He is currently a management consultant at Oliver Wyman working in technology, media, healthcare, and aerospace industries. He graduated cum laude from Harvard University in 2013, where he studied economics and researched online advertising, gamification, and social networks.
Panel 3: Surveying the Legal Landscape
Leonard Chanin is a partner with the law firm of Morrison & Foerster. Prior to joining the law firm, Chanin held a number of government positions both with the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau and the Federal Reserve Board. At the CFPB, Chanin headed the agency’s rulemaking team and was responsible for implementing several consumer financial protection laws, including the Truth in Lending Act, Truth in Savings Act, Equal Credit Opportunity Act, and Electronic Fund Transfer Act. At the Federal Reserve Board, he was Deputy Director in the Division of Consumer and Community Affairs Division.
Carol Miaskoff is Assistant Legal Counsel in the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission’s Office of Legal Counsel, where she supervises development of policy and regulations implementing Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Age Discrimination in Employment Act, and the Equal Pay Act. During her career at the EEOC, Ms. Miaskoff has participated in the EEOC’s response to employment discrimination following the September 11th attacks, rulemakings under the ADEA and the Rehabilitation Act, issues related to online job applicants, and development of guidance on criminal record exclusions.
Montserrat Miller is a partner in the Privacy and Consumer Regulatory; Immigration; and Government Affairs Practice Groups at Arnall Golden Gregory LLP where she assists clients with privacy and data protection-related matters, including counseling and defending companies regarding their Fair Credit Reporting Act compliance. Her practice includes special emphasis on the use of criminal and credit history information and compliance with the FCRA, Title VII, and state laws that impact the use of background checks for employment screening and tenancy purposes.
C. Lee Peeler is President and CEO of the Advertising Self-Regulatory Council and Executive Vice President, National Advertising Self-Regulation, Council of Better Business Bureaus. Peeler is responsible for leading the advertising industry’s system of self-regulation. Prior to joining the CBBB, Peeler held a number of management positions during his 33 year tenure at the Federal Trade Commission including as Deputy Director of the Bureau of Consumer Protection and Associate Director of the Division of Advertising Practices. He has testified and spoken widely on consumer protection issues including truth in advertising, consumer credit, privacy, and data security.
Peter Swire is the Huang Professor of Law and Ethics in the Scheller College of Business at the Georgia Institute of Technology. Swire is a Senior Fellow at the Future of Privacy Forum and the Center for American Progress, and Policy Fellow at the Center for Democracy and Technology. Under President Clinton, Swire served as the Administration’s Chief Counselor for Privacy in the U.S. Office of Management and Budget where he coordinated Administration policy on the use of personal information in the public and private sectors. Swire has served on privacy and security advisory boards for companies including Google, IBM, Intel, and Microsoft.
Panel 4: Considerations on the Path Forward
Christopher Calabrese is the legislative counsel for privacy-related issues in the American Civil Liberties Union’s Washington Legislative Office where his portfolio includes internet privacy and new surveillance technologies. He has testified before Congress and appeared in many media outlets, including CBS Evening News, New York Times, Washington Post, and Associated Press.
Daniel Castro is a senior analyst at the Information Technology and Innovation Foundation and the Director of the Center for Data Innovation. Castro writes and speaks on issues related to information technology and internet policy, including privacy, security, intellectual property, and internet governance, e-government, and accessibility for people with disabilities. His work has been quoted and cited in numerous media outlets, including Washington Post, Wall Street Journal, NPR, USA Today, and BusinessWeek.
Jeanette Fitzgerald is General Counsel and Chief Privacy Officer for Epsilon where she leads the government affairs, legislative, and regulatory initiatives related to data protection and privacy. She has spoken before domestic and international industry associates about the implications of data privacy for businesses and consumers, and has testified before U.S. Congressional committees.
Jeremy Gillula is a staff technologist at the Electronic Frontier Foundation, where he focuses on privacy and civil liberties issues arising from new technology, including machine learning algorithms, ubiquitous sensing systems, and autonomous ground and aerial vehicles. Prior to joining EFF, Dr. Gillula was a postdoctoral scholar at the University of California at Berkeley in the Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences, where he developed novel methods for guaranteeing the safe operation of machine learning algorithms. He also has extensive experience with mobile sensor platforms and robotics, including both ground and aerial autonomous vehicles.
Michael Spadea is a Director at Promontory Financial Group where he advises clients on a wide range of regulatory and compliance issues related to privacy and information governance, including development and implementation of global privacy programs, management of vendors, and integration of privacy into emerging technology and business models. Prior to joining Promontory, Spadea worked at Microsoft where he was responsible for all aspects of information governance for enterprise customers in the Services division.
Christopher Wolf is a senior partner at Hogan Lovells, where he leads the firm’s global privacy and information management practice. He is also the founder and chair of the Future of Privacy Forum, a think tank devoted to advancing responsible data practices and helped to organize and lead the Coalition for Privacy and Free Trade. Wolf has written and spoken widely on big data issues and chairs the Anti-Defamation League National Civil Rights Committee. Wolf was the editor and lead author of the first PLI treatises on privacy law and with Abraham Foxman, co-authored Viral Hate: Containing its Spread on the Internet (Macmillan Palgrave 2013).