The emergence of radio frequency identification (RFID) technology has important implications for businesses, consumers, and policymakers. Companies are turning to RFID to manage warehouse inventory and to stock retail shelves. Consumers are using RFID tags when they travel on highways, purchase gas and groceries, and protect their pets. RFID also has significant potential as a public safety and anti-counterfeiting tool. And as the cost of RFID chips declines, new applications will undoubtedly be developed. The workshop explored both current and anticipated uses of RFID as well as the associated consumer privacy and security concerns.