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Deputy Director

Bureau, Office or Division
Office of the Director
Email Address

Selected Publications

  • "John Kwoka's Mergers, Merger Control, and Remedies: A Critical Review," with F. David Osinski, Antitrust Law Journal.
  • “Kwoka’s Mergers, Merger Control, And Remedies:  Rejoinder To Kwoka,” Research in Law and Economics, Volume 28, 433-44, 2018.
  • "Retrospective Analysis of Hospital Mergers," with O. Ashenfelter, D. Hosken, and M. Weinberg, International Journal of the Economics of Business, 2011.
  • "Mergers Between Competing Hospitals: Lessons From Retrospective Analyses," with D. Haas-Wilson, International Journal of the Economics of Business, 2011.
  • "Economics at the FTC: The Google‑DoubleClick Merger, Resale Price Maintenance, Mortgage Disclosures, and Credit Scoring in Auto Insurance," with M. Baye et al., Review of Industrial Organization, 2008.
  • "Merger Efficiencies: The 'Passing‑On' Fallacy," with P. Yde, Antitrust, 2006.
  • "Vertical Antitrust Policy as a Problem of Inference," with J. Cooper, L. Froeb, and D. O'Brien, Int'l J. of Industrial Organization, 2005.
  • "Regulatory Restrictions on Selective Contracting: An Empirical Analysis of `Any Willing Provider’ Regulations," Journal of Health Economics, 2001.
  • "The Competitive Effects of Not-for-Profit Hospital Mergers: A Case Study," with S. Sacher, Journal of Industrial Economics, 2001.
  • "Regulatory Restrictions on Vertical Integration and Control: The Competitive Impact of Gasoline Divorcement Policies," Journal of Regulatory Economics, 2000.
  • "The Must Carry Decisions: Bad Law, Bad Economics,” with J. Lopatka, Supreme Court Economic Review, 1998.
  • "Is There New Thinking on Vertical Mergers?: A Comment," with D. Reiffen, Antitrust Law Journal, 1995.


University of Wisconsin
PhD Economics
University of Wisconsin
MS Economics
Penn State University
BA Economics

Fields of Interest

  • Industrial Organization
  • Econometrics
  • Health Care
  • Vertical Restraints

Professional Experience

Deputy Director
Federal Trade Commission

Acting Director
Federal Trade Commission

Assistant Director
Federal Trade Commission

Deputy Assistant Director
Federal Trade Commission

Federal Trade Commission

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