China National Chemical Corporation, et al., In the Matter of

Last Updated:
In the Matter of China National Chemical Corporation, a corporation; ADAMA Agricultural Solutions Ltd., a corporation; and Makhteshim Agan of North America, Inc., doing business as ADAMA, a corporation.
FTC Matter/File Number:


Docket Number:


Case Summary

China National Chemical Corporation (ChemChina) and Swiss global agricultural company Syngenta AG agreed to divest three types of pesticides to settle FTC charges that their proposed merger would harm competition in the U.S. markets for three pesticides: (1) the herbicide paraquat, which is used to clear fields prior to the growing season; (2) the insecticide abamectin, which protects primarily citrus and tree nut crops by killing mites, psyllid, and leafminers; and (3) the fungicide chlorothalonil, which is used mainly to protect peanuts and potatoes. According to the complaint, Syngenta owns the branded version of each of the three products at issue, giving it significant market shares in the United States. ChemChina subsidiary ADAMA focuses on generic pesticides and is either the first- or second-largest generic supplier in the United States for each of these products. The complaint alleges that without the proposed divestiture, the merger would eliminate the direct competition that exists today between ChemChina generics subsidiary ADAMA and Syngenta’s branded products, increasing the likelihood that U.S. customers buying paraquat, abamectin, and chlorothalonil would be forced to pay higher prices or accept reduced service for these products. The Commission's order requires ChemChina to sell all rights and assets of ADAMA’s U.S. paraquat, abamectin and chlorothalonil crop protection businesses to California-based agrochemical company AMVAC.