Tag: Bureau of Economics

Displaying 301 - 320 of 454 results.

This study analyzes whether ocean shipping rates are affected by the presence and practices of ocean liner conferences. The study provides some support for the conclusion that some aspects of the conference system may contribute to higher shipping rates, particularly when the...
This study estimates the relationship between intrastate trucking rates and three different types of state-level regulations: 1) the strictness with which rates are regulated; 2) the requirements placed on motor carriers seeking to enter the market; and 3) whether the state provides...
Firms seeking to merge face antitrust scrutiny from either the Department of Justice (DOJ) or the Federal Trade Commission (FTC). Unlike the DOJ, the FTC litigates its cases in front of its own administrative law judges (ALJ), and then hears the appeal itself, rather than using the...
This study describes the pricing and distribution of salt during the National Industrial Recovery Act period and beyond (1930-1945). Two FTC cases brought to enforce the Robinson-Patman anti- discrimination law during this period are examined in some detail. Also included is a...
This study assesses empirically the competitiveness of the long distance telephone market. To do so, it estimates firm-specific long- run demand elasticities for AT&T and its rivals for long distance service marketed to households and small businesses during 1988-91.
One of the puzzles about the recent steel VRAs is whether they limited imports toward the end of the 1980s. The 36 percent depreciation of the dollar between 1984 and 1989 is believed to have rendered the VRAs ineffective by 1989. This paper estimates the effect of the dollar...
The U.S. Department of Justice and Federal Trade Commission Merger Guidelines assume that entry that is likely and sufficient will ultimately correct any anticompetitive harm resulting from a merger. If this anticompetitive harm takes the form of collusion, then such entry will...
This paper presents an analysis of the merger decisions between 1982-1992. The survey of cases suggests that the plaintiffs win roughly half the time. Plaintiffs were no more likely to win if a case was heard by a judicial panel dominated by Republican than Democratic appointees. In...
This paper combines state-level data on trucking rates with information on state-level regulations to estimate the independent effect on rates from three different types of motor carrier regulations: rate regulation; entry regulation; and the provision of antitrust immunity for...
This analysis derives the optimal incentive contracts owners offer managers who engage in Stackelberg-quantity competition. In contrast to the Coumot case, the owner of the leading firm motivates his manager to strictly maximize profits and thereby gives no incentives for increased...
The study analyzes the effects of dumped and/or subsidized imports on the domestic industries with which they competed. The authors found that, in nearly 90 percent of the 179 cases analyzed, unfair imports caused reductions in domestic industry revenue of less than 10 percent...
The study is intended to help increase understanding of the economic motivation for RPM when the products at issue are relatively simple goods that do not fit the most well-known efficiency rationales for the practice. The study found no evidence of collusion among Corning's dealers...
Recent literature has shown that when retailers cannot observe contracts between a manufacturer and their rivals, the manufacturer will be unable to obtain the vertically integrated profit using two-part tariff contracts alone. It has been suggested that vertical restraints, such as...
Industrial organization issues that are relevant to antitrust have been studied in the laboratory for over three decades, and the results of this research offer useful insights for applied work in antitrust. Experimental methods provide a means for enhancing our understanding of...
Analyses of general acute care hospital mergers have traditionally defined the relevant product market as inpatient medical and surgical acute care and have generally assumed that economies of scale exist at least up to 100 beds. However, an examination of recent entry into...
The creation of a charge for long distance companies to access the local telephone companies' switched network created the incentive to bypass the local switched network in order to avoid access charges that were substantially above cost. This paper explores the implications of a...
This paper models the reaction of firms to Federal Trade Commission (FTC) decisions to seek to block proposed horizontal mergers. Finns' responses to the FTC are shown to depend on a number of factors, including the structural merits of the FTC challenge, the efficiencies potentially...
Previous work on consumer search has shown that consumers facing positive search costs do not sample more than one firm; that is, no search occurs in equilibrium. This result, as well as the price charged, are independent of the magnitude of search costs. I develop a model in which...
This report presents empirical evidence on the likely consumer injury associated with department store reference pricing, the common pricing strategy in which sale prices are contrasted prominently with regular prices in newspaper advertising. The study concludes that although...
The Sherman Antitrust Act is over a century old, yet debate continues about its original goal. Previous authors, focusing on the substance of the 1890 debate, have reached various conclusions about this goal. Instead of concentrating on the congressional debates, this paper examines...

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