The Federal Trade Commission announced today that the sixth Annual International Competition Network (ICN) conference in Moscow, Russia, took significant steps toward strengthening antitrust convergence, including the rollout of a report on unilateral conduct laws, and initiating a project to develop recommendations on substantive merger analysis.
The ICN conference, hosted by Russia’s competition authority, the Federal Antimonopoly Service, on May 30-June 1, 2007, was attended by more than 350 delegates representing more than 80 antitrust agencies and competition experts from international organizations and the legal, business, consumer, and academic communities. The conference showcased the recent work of ICN working groups on mergers, unilateral conduct, cartels, and competition policy implementation, and featured presentations by FTC Chairman Deborah Platt Majoras, Thomas O. Barnett, Assistant Attorney General in charge of the U.S. Department of Justice’s (DOJ) Antitrust Division, and FTC Commissioner William E. Kovacic, as well as other key officials from antitrust agencies worldwide.
The conference highlighted the work of the Unilateral Conduct Working Group (UCWG), which was established in 2006, and emphasized the international attention given to this complex area of antitrust law, that is also reflected in the joint FTC/DOJ hearings [http://www.ftc.gov/os/sectiontwohearings/index.shtm] to examine the implications of single-firm conduct under the U.S. antitrust laws. Co-chaired by Randolph Tritell, Director of the Office of International Affairs of the FTC, and the German Bundeskartellamt, the UCWG examines the challenges involved in addressing firms with market power, in an effort to promote greater convergence and sound enforcement of laws governing unilateral conduct. The UCWG presented the results of its survey of ICN members and non-governmental advisors in a report that includes chapters on the objectives of unilateral conduct laws, the assessment of dominance/substantial market power, and state-created monopolies.
“ICN work in the area of unilateral conduct shows great promise in deepening understanding of the relevant policy foundations and promoting acceptance of sound analytical concepts and techniques,” said FTC Chairman Majoras. “While I am encouraged by the level of convergence revealed by this initial effort, I am committed to pushing harder to address the differences that remain, in a way that best serves the welfare of our consumers and economies,” added Majoras.
Assistant Attorney General Barnett announced that the ICN’s Merger Working Group will begin developing consensus recommendations for substantive merger analysis. Barnett identified three topics for initial consideration during the coming year: the efficacy of an agency’s legal framework for analyzing proposed mergers; the use and role of presumptions and safe harbors or thresholds; and the analysis of entry and expansion.
“Multi jurisdictional mergers are an important part of global commerce,” Barnett said. “With the growing number of jurisdictions active in merger review, the conference participants confirmed that it is important for the ICN to work towards consensus on substantive merger analysis.”
The Merger Working Group, chaired by Gerald F. Masoudi, Deputy Assistant Attorney General for the Department of Justice's Antitrust Division, also announced that it will hold merger workshops in South Africa and the Czech Republic for agency lawyers and economists in the coming year.
The conference also highlighted the Cartel Working Group, which aims to reduce obstacles that antitrust agencies face in cracking cartels through the exchange of effective investigative techniques and the examination of important legal and policy topics. In Moscow, ICN delegates discussed international cooperation among antitrust agencies in cartel investigations, how agencies can best focus their resources to generate new cases and prioritize investigative leads, and the benefits of negotiated settlements.
The Competition Policy Implementation Working Group addressed ICN initiatives to assist newer antitrust agencies. The Group presented findings on the effectiveness of technical assistance programs and a report on the relationship between competition agencies and the judiciary. Discussion focused on a paper co-authored by Commissioner William E. Kovacic concerning effective institutional mechanisms for competition agencies.
Continuing the ICN’s commitment to promote the implementation of its work product, a conference panel showcased the agencies’ progress in implementing the ICN’s Recommended Practices for Merger Notification and Review Procedures, the Merger Guidelines Workbook, and Remedies Study.
In October 2001, the DOJ and FTC joined with antitrust agencies from 13 other jurisdictions around the world to create the ICN. The ICN now comprises 100 agencies from 88 jurisdictions. The ICN has two main goals: 1) to promote greater substantive and procedural convergence among antitrust authorities on sound competition principles; and 2) to provide support for new antitrust agencies in enforcing their laws and in building strong competition cultures. ICN documents are available at: www.internationalcompetitionnetwork.org.
The FTC’s Bureau of Competition works with the Bureau of Economics to investigate alleged anticompetitive business practices and, when appropriate, recommends that the Commission take law enforcement action. To inform the Bureau about particular business practices, call 202-326-3300, send an e-mail to firstname.lastname@example.org, or write to the Office of Policy and Coordination, Room 394, Bureau of Competition, Federal Trade Commission, 600 Pennsylvania Ave, N.W., Washington, DC 20580. To learn more about the Bureau of Competition, read “Competition Counts” at http://www.ftc.gov/competitioncounts.