Speeches

The ABCs at the FTC: Marketing and Advertising to Children,

Advertising and Promotion Law 1997, Minnesota Institute of Legal Education

Date:
By: 
Roscoe B. Starek, III, Former Commissioner

Good morning. Thank you for the opportunity to discuss marketing and advertising to children.(1) The Commission places a high priority on combating deceptive and unfair practices that harm children. Yet, our enforcement efforts in this area often raise difficult questions about the appropriate role of government and the nature of the relief that we can impose. Marketing and advertising to children touch on several different FTC issues.

Econometric Analysis in FTC v. Staples

American Bar Association's Antitrust Section Economics Committee, Willard Hotel

Date:
By: 
Jonathan B. Baker, Former Director

At the end of June, a federal district court in Washington, D.C. granted the Federal Trade Commission's (FTC's) request for a preliminary injunction blocking the Staples-Office Depot merger.(2) The proposed transaction would have combined Staples and Office Depot, two of the three leading office superstore chains. The FTC presented extensive documentary evidence from the merging firms' files at the hearing.

Protecting the Consumer in the Global Marketplace,

The Institute of Trading Standards Administration

Antwerp, Belgium

Date:
By: 
Roscoe B. Starek, III, Former Commissioner

Good morning, and thank you for inviting me to discuss one U.S. perspective on protecting the consumer in the global marketplace.(1)Just as technological developments have encouraged the globalization of trade, they also have made it possible for dishonest marketers to harm consumers and competition by using the same technologies to deceive consumers in other countries. The Federal Trade Commission has first-hand experience with some of the difficulties and possible approaches to enforcement against fraudulent cross-border marketing and high-technology scams.

Antitrust and Intellectual Property: Recent Highlights and Uncertainties

The American Law Institute-American Bar Association, "Antitrust/Intellectual Property Claims in High Technology Markets", Ritz-Carlton Hotel

Boston, Massachusetts

Date:
By: 
Mary L. Azcuenaga, Former Commissioner

The views expressed are those of the Commissioner and do not necessarily reflect those of the Federal Trade Commission or any other Commissioner.

Antitrust and Trade Associations at the FTC

The Antitrust Committee and the Trade Association Committee of the Chicago Bar Association, Plymouth Court

Chicago, Illinois

Date:
By: 
Roscoe B. Starek, III, Former Commissioner

I. INTRODUCTION

Thank you and good afternoon. I'm pleased to have the opportunity to discuss how the Federal Trade Commission prosecutes and adjudicates horizontal restraint-of-trade cases. I will begin with a description of some "first principles" and an explanation of how the Commission has interpreted these principles to develop its current analytical framework for horizontal restraints. I will then characterize the Commission's application of this framework.(1)

Mergers and Acquisitions in the Defense Industry

The Subcommittee on Acquisition and Technology of the United States Senate Armed Services Committee

Washington, D.C.

Date:
By: 
Robert Pitofsky, Former Chairman

I. Introduction

Mr. Chairman and members of the Subcommittee, I am pleased to appear before you today to present the testimony of the Federal Trade Commission concerning the important topic of mergers and acquisitions in the defense industry.(1) The testimony addresses both the policy implications of applying the antitrust laws to defense industry mergers and the process by which that application takes place.

Merger Remedies

The American Bar Association Antitrust Spring Meeting, Omni Shoreham Hotel

Washington, D.C.

Date:
By: 
George S. Cary, Former Senior Deputy Director

Over the past year, we have focused a great deal of time and energy on analyzing the effectiveness of the Commission's merger remedies. Our reassessment of how we should be approaching divestiture orders is ongoing, but we have already taken a series of actions to make the remedy process more effective -- from both a substantive as well as procedural point of view. Today I want to tell you about those efforts and where we now stand.(1)

The Problem

Report from the Bureau of Competition

The American Bar Association, Antitrust Section, Spring Meeting 1997, FTC and Clayton Act Committees

Washington, D.C.

Date:
By: 
William J. Baer, Former Director

I appreciate this opportunity to bring you up to date on antitrust enforcement at the Federal Trade Commission. This year's Spring Meeting occurs just before the completion of my second full year as Bureau Director, and it was even busier than the first. Last year was a record setter in merger activity -- 3,087 reportable transactions in FY 1996, compared to the previous high of 2,883 filings in FY 1989.

Unfairness, Internet Advertising and Innovative Remedies

The American Advertising Federation Government Affairs Conference

Washington, D.C.

Date:
By: 
Roscoe B. Starek, III, Former Commissioner

Thank you for the opportunity to discuss a few current issues which I suspect could cause some concern to the advertising community. This is an interesting time to be a Commissioner, and I predict that as the weather gets warmer over the next several months, some of the matters we will address will become hotter as well. Most of you follow the FTC closely, and I know you like to hear what we think about the most controversial issues that we are facing. And we are wrestling with several.

Competition Policy In Communications Industries: New Antitrust Approaches

The Glasser LegalWorks Seminar on Competitive Policy in Communications Industries: New Antitrust Approaches

Washington, D.C.

Date:
By: 
Robert Pitofsky, Former Chairman

Recent developments in the communications industries show a steady movement from direct regulation to increased reliance on free market incentives. As a believer in the efficiency of market incentives, I regard elimination or substantial reduction of regulation, assuming competition is a feasible alternative, as a good result. Of course, deregulation should be accompanied by a greater role for fundamental antitrust analysis and enforcement, lest the old shackles be replaced by new ones of private manufacture.

Thoughts on 'Leveling the Playing Field' in Health Care Markets

The National Health Lawyers Association, Twentieth Annual Program on Antitrust in the Health Care Field

Washington, D.C.

Date:
By: 
Robert Pitofsky, Former Chairman

INTRODUCTION

I appreciate the opportunity to speak to you today about an idea that we frequently hear raised in discussions about health care markets: the concept of "leveling the playing field." The idea of a level playing field -- and what role antitrust should play in bringing it about -- is sort of a lighting rod, eliciting widely diverse and intensely-held opinions by different interest groups. Today, I will try to provide some clarification to the debate, and suggest the role that antitrust enforcement should play in assuring a level playing field.

The Federal Trade Commission's Current Enforcement Policies with Emphasis on Actions Against Associations

The 33rd Annual Symposium on Associations and Antitrust, The Trade Association and Antitrust Law Committee of the Bar of the District of Columbia, The Capitol Hilton Hotel

Washington, D.C.

Date:
By: 
Roscoe B. Starek, III, Former Commissioner

I. INTRODUCTION

Thank you and good morning. I'm pleased to have the opportunity to address this distinguished gathering on some important antitrust issues concerning associations

Before I continue, I must make the usual disclaimer: the views I express here are my own and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Commission or of any other Commissioner. In fact, as my votes in several recent cases indicate, my views on some issues are not shared by my colleagues within the Commission. But I'm working on that.

Staying Ahead of the Merger Wave

The 15th Annual Corporate Counsel Institute, J.W. Marriott Hotel

Atlanta, Georgia

Date:
By: 
George S. Cary, Former Senior Deputy Director

It is a pleasure to address the Corporate Counsel Institute here in Atlanta. I have just completed my first year as the Deputy Director of the Bureau of Competition for mergers. I chose a particularly interesting and busy year to return to the FTC after a hiatus of a dozen years. This last year set a new record for the number of mergers filed with and reviewed by the FTC, and I am pleased to have the opportunity to describe our merger enforcement program of the past year. Not only has the year been busy, but it has provided some particularly interesting transactions to review.

The Federal Trade Commission's Green Guides: A Success Story

The Alliance for Beverage Cartons and the Environment Symposium

Brussels, Belgium

Date:
By: 
Roscoe B. Starek, III, Former Commissioner

Thank you for the opportunity to speak to you today.(1) I want to discuss a success story -- the Federal Trade Commission's role in the area of environmental advertising and labeling claims, and specifically, the 1992 Guides for the Use of Environmental Marketing Claims (which are often called the "Green Guides") and the revisions we made in October. I also want to share with you how the Green Guides came about, and my impressions about how well they have worked.

Developments in Consumer Protection at the Federal Trade Commission: Achieving Customer Satisfaction in a Government Law Enforcement Agency

The PMAA Promotion Law/Marketing Conference, Promotion Marketing Association of America, Hyatt Regency Washington on Capitol Hill

Washington, D.C.

Date:
By: 
Mary L. Azcuenaga, Former Commissioner

The views expressed are those of the Commissioner and do not necessarily reflect those of the Federal Trade Commission or the other Commissioners.

FTC Staff Report on Competition Policy: Six Months After

American Bar Association Section of Antitrust Law, The Changing Nature of Competition--Legal and Policy Implications

Washington, D.C.

Date:
By: 
Robert Pitofsky, Former Chairman

In May 1996, the FTC released a staff report ambitiously titled "Anticipating the 21st Century: Competition Policy in the New High-Tech Global Marketplace." This conference, six months after, is designed to address the twin questions of whether the analysis and recommendations of the report made sense and whether the report is likely to make a difference.(2) My view is that the report is a constructive contribution to debate over United States' competition policy on the eve of the 21st Century. Among its most important elements:

Beyond the Health Care Policy Statements: Where Do We Go from Here?

The 30th Annual Antitrust Institute on Healthcare Antitrust Developments

Cleveland, Ohio

Date:
By: 
Roscoe B. Starek, III, Former Commissioner

Good afternoon. Thank you for the opportunity to address the 30th Annual Antitrust Institute on Healthcare Antitrust Developments on what is a very interesting and exciting topic. Let me say before I begin that the views I express are entirely my own and do not necessarily represent the views of the Commission or any other Commissioner.

Reflections on 20 Years of Merger Enforcement under the Hart-Scott-Rodino Act

Before The Conference Board, Washington, D.C., October 29, 1996 and before The 35th Annual Corporate Counsel Institute, Northwestern University School of Law, Corporate Law Center, San Francisco, CA, October 31, 1996

Date:
By: 
William J. Baer, Former Director

One month ago, on September 30, we celebrated the 20th anniversary of the enactment of the Hart-Scott-Rodino Antitrust Improvements Act of 1976 ("HSR Act" or "HSR").(2) "Celebrate" may not be the word of choice for everyone, but friend or foe, the statute has affected all of us profoundly. At the time of its enactment, it was described as one of the most far-reaching changes in antitrust enforcement since the passage of the Clayton Act in 1914.(3) That prophesy has rung true.

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