Looking for a New Job? FTC Cautions: Work Before You Pay

Government Exposes Employment Services Scams, Offers Tips on Avoiding Job Hunt Frauds

For Release

Caution: There may be no job behind that classified newspaper ad. So says the Federal Trade Commission, which today announced charges against nine companies and 16 individuals the agency says were engaged in the fraudulent marketing of employment services for up-front fees of $35 to hundreds of dollars. The FTC said the seven schemes run by these defendants start with the placement of classified advertisements in the employment sections of newspapers nationwide touting positions such as “financial analyst,” “engineering” and “government positions.” When consumers call the numbers in the ads, telemarketers hype themselves as job placement services with special access to specific job openings. Few, if any, consumers ever receive the type of job placement assistance promised by these scam artists, and the vast majority of consumers never see their money again. The red flag, the FTC said, is that they charge up-front fees coupled with refund guarantees or require credit card or bank account information with a promise that no immediate charges or debits will occur.

“It’s not just the entry-level worker that is targeted by these fraudulent job-finding services. Mid-level professionals often fork over hundreds of dollars, and get virtually nothing of any value in return,” said Jodie Bernstein, Director of the FTC’s Bureau of Consumer Protection. “Our advice to consumers is: make sure you’ve got the job before you pay. If a job locator firm promises you work, but asks for money up front, check their contract carefully before you sign. If the written refund policy doesn’t match what the telemarketer told you, the firm is operating illegally.”

“Some fraudulent firms lie to consumers to get them to divulge their bank or credit card account numbers, and then debit or charge their accounts without authorization,” Bernstein warned, adding: “Some legitimate firms charge advance fees for executive counseling, resume writing and job listing services. But they’re selling information, not promising you a job. Never give out your bank or credit account information unless you know the company you’re dealing with and intend for your account to be accessed.” The FTC suggested that consumers who suspect they’ve had dealings with a fraudulent employment services firm report the company to the National Fraud Information Center’s Telemarketing Fraud Hotline at 1-800-876-7060.

The FTC also announced a consumer education campaign to help job hunters avoid employment services scams. As part of the campaign, the FTC will distribute its new brochure “Help Wanted . . . Finding a Job” and consumer “tip” card through major human resources organizations such as the Recruiters Online Network, the National Association of Colleges and Employers, the Society of Human Resource Management, the National Association of Temporary Services, and the National Association of Personnel Services. Several of these organizations have committed to carrying public service messages on their Web sites that will link consumers back to the FTC’s new consumer information on job scams. The FTC Web site is http://www.ftc.gov

In the cases announced today, the FTC filed charges in federal district courts in California, Florida, Georgia, Michigan and Massachusetts. Two of the actions remain under seal by court orders. The defendants in the cases and some of the allegations are as follows:

  • Metro Data, Inc., a Winter Park, Florida-firm also known as Metro Dade; president Dennis R. Bell; corporate officer Marilyn Naylor Koblasz; and telemarketer Cassandra Stone (advertised specific job openings for financial analysts and charged consumers $495 to provide the names and addresses of firms with purported job openings and letters of introduction, but consumers have found that the companies are not hiring or out of business);
  • Regency Services, Inc., of Winter Park, Florida; Omega Promotions, Inc., of Maitland, Florida; and corporate officers Richard Devon Grant, Michael Warnock and Lisa Phillips, who also is known as Lisa Phillips Warnock, Lisa Marie Warnock and Lisa Warnock Grant (these defendants allegedly have conducted multiple, successive telemarketing operations pitching, most recently, job openings for cruise ship tour guides, electronic specialists and chemical engineers, and falsely stating in some instances that they do not charge advance fees for arranging job interviews and that their purpose for obtaining consumers’ checking account numbers is solely to verify consumers’ ability to pay for services when, in fact, they charge advance fees in large part by debiting the consumers’ accounts without authorization for as much as $495);
  • Direct Link, Inc., of Framingham, Massachusetts, and company president Suzanne Bannister, of Longwood, Florida (falsely advertised currently-available hospital jobs, cable installation jobs, veterinary assistant positions and park ranger jobs, charging an up-front fee of $159);
  • Stratified Advertising and Marketing, Inc., a Goleta, California-based firm that also does business as Intelinet Data Services; company president Robin L. Murphy; and chief financial officer Thomas F. Frontera; and vice president Patrick Donaghy (falsely pitched the availability of government jobs in the consumers’ chosen fields and geographic location, charging an advance fee of $59.50);
  • Career Information Services, Inc. and CIS Associates, Inc., of Atlanta, Georgia; and corporate officers David Lee Smith and William Phillips (placed ads for postal service and government jobs falsely touting wages exceeding $20/hour and, when consumers called the 800 number in the ads to apply were directed to call a 900 number without disclosing that they would be billed $34.95 for that call, in violation of the FTC’s 900 Number Rule; the FTC also alleged that defendants misrepresented that consumers could apply for these positions by staying on the line, when in fact, the 900-number recording simply encouraged consumers to seek hiring information from the government or to write for information);
  • a company that placed ads for engineering and mechanical/electrical jobs and, when consumers faxed their resumes to the number in the ads, called the consumers and falsely promised that it had multiple open positions in the consumers’ fields and/or that they had sent consumers’ resumes to employers who wanted to interview the consumers; charged an up-front “refundable” retainer of almost $400; in fact, many or most consumers were never contacted by the employers and could not get refunds of more than $20); and
  • one other case, still under seal.

In each case, the FTC is seeking a court order permanently barring the challenged practices and ordering the defendants to pay redress for injured consumers. Hearings on the FTC’s motions for preliminary injunctions pending the outcome of trials in the cases are being scheduled.

The FTC received significant assistance in these actions from the Santa Barbara District Attorney’s Office; Georgia Governor’s Office of Consumer Affairs; the Georgia Secretary of State’s Office; the Cobb County, Georgia, Sheriff’s Department; the Massachusetts Attorney General’s Office; the Florida Attorney General’s Division of Economic Crimes; the Orange County, Florida, Sheriff’s Department; the Winter Park, Florida, Police Department; the U.S. Postal Service; the U.S. Office of Personnel Management; the Better Business Bureaus in Boston and Central Florida; and the Crystal River, Florida, Police Department.

The FTC vote to file the complaints detailing the charges in these cases was 5-0.

NOTE: The Commission files a complaint when it has “reason to believe” that the law has been or is being violated, and it appears to the Commission that a proceeding is in the public interest. The complaint is not a finding or ruling that the defendant has actually violated the law. The case will be decided by the court.

Copies of the FTC’s consumer brochure, titled “Help Wanted . . . . Finding a Job,” as well as the complaints in these cases, are available from the FTC’s Public Reference Branch, Room 130, 6th Street and Pennsylvania Avenue, N.W., Washington, D.C. 20580; 202-326-2222; TTY for the hearing impaired 1-866-653-4261. To find out the latest news as it is announced, call the FTC NewsPhone recording at 202-326-2710. FTC news releases and other materials also are available on the Internet at the FTC’s World Wide Web site at: http://www.ftc.gov

FTC File Nos./Civil Action Nos.:

Direct Link, FTC File No. 962 3084/U.S. District Court for the District of Massachusetts, CIV No. 96-11239WGY

Stratified Advertising and Marketing, File No. 962 3153/U.S. District Court for the Central District of California, in Los Angeles, Civil Action No. 96-4142 (VAPx)

Regency Services, FTC File No. 9623127/U.S. District Court for the Middle District of Florida, Orlando Division, Civil Action No. 96-643-CIV-ORL-22

Metro Data, FTC File No. 962 3125/U.S. District Court for the Middle District of Florida, Orlando Division, Civil Action No. 96-641-CIV-ORL-22

Career Information Services, FTC File No. 962 3205/U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Georgia, Atlanta Division, Civil Action No. 1 96-CV1464-ODL

and two cases still under seal

Contact Information

Media Contact:
Bonnie Jansen,
Office of Public Affairs,
202-326-2161 or 202-326-2180
Staff Contact:
Heather Hippsley,
Bureau of Consumer Protection,