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Every year countless people are bilked by impersonation scams. Since 2018, the FTC’s Consumer Sentinel Network has received approximately 3 million reports of impersonation scams citing losses of more than $6 billion. Two particularly pernicious forms of the fraud are committed by crooks who pose as government officials or representatives of well-known companies. They use a false aura of authenticity in an effort to steal money or sensitive information from consumers. But consumers aren’t their only targets. Impersonators have businesses in their sights, too, and have been known to misappropriate the names of government agencies or global companies to hide their illegal actions behind a veneer of legitimacy. The FTC has proposed a Trade Regulation Rule on Impersonation of Government and Business and we’d like your feedback.

In December 2021, the FTC announced an Advance Notice of Proposed Rulemaking asking for public comments on a wide range of questions about impersonation scams. Citing data from the Consumer Sentinel Network and the agency’s enforcement experience, the FTC concluded that government and business impersonation scams appear highly prevalent and increasingly harmful – and comments from people who responded to the ANPR bear that out. Some expressed anger and frustration while others told uniquely personal stories. According to one consumer targeted by an impersonator who masqueraded as a legitimate business, “We are lost and devastated. I live in fear daily because someone has sensitive information about my home, its location, and the people I love who reside in it.” 

We also received comments that specifically addressed the impact impersonation scams have on businesses. For example, impersonators have come up with B2B-specific forms of fraud that target members of certain industries, often cutting and pasting names and logos to bolster the illusion of legitimacy. It’s all bogus, but by the time the businesses find out, the scammers have vanished with their money. Other crooks claim to be with the IRS, the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office, or another government agency and demand immediate payment for some non-existent fee. 

In addition, some commenters focused on the injury to consumers and businesses when spammers and telemarketers impersonate recognizable companies like Amazon, Apple, PayPal, Wells Fargo, etc., and claim to need account information, payment details, or other highly sensitive data. For example, Microsoft noted that consumers often lose hundreds or even thousands of dollars to tech support impersonators who falsely claim to be from Microsoft. 

Based on the record to date, the FTC voted to publish a proposed Rule that would give the agency stronger tools to fight back against impersonators and return money to people harmed by their illegal practices. In other words, the Advance Notice of Proposed Rulemaking has moved to the next stage and the FTC has proposed a Trade Regulation Rule on Impersonation of Government and Business. The proposed Rule recently ran in the Federal Register and once again we’re asking for your public comments about what we’ve suggested. The Federal Register Notice explains the simple online process for ensuring that your voice is heard. File your comment by December 16, 2022.

It is your choice whether to submit a comment. If you do, you must create a user name, or we will not post your comment. The Federal Trade Commission Act authorizes this information collection for purposes of managing online comments. Comments and user names are part of the Federal Trade Commission’s (FTC) public records system, and user names also are part of the FTC’s computer user records system. We may routinely use these records as described in the FTC’s Privacy Act system notices. For more information on how the FTC handles information that we collect, please read our privacy policy.

The purpose of this blog and its comments section is to inform readers about Federal Trade Commission activity, and share information to help them avoid, report, and recover from fraud, scams, and bad business practices. Your thoughts, ideas, and concerns are welcome, and we encourage comments. But keep in mind, this is a moderated blog. We review all comments before they are posted, and we won’t post comments that don’t comply with our commenting policy. We expect commenters to treat each other and the blog writers with respect.

  • We won’t post off-topic comments, repeated identical comments, or comments that include sales pitches or promotions.
  • We won’t post comments that include vulgar messages, personal attacks by name, or offensive terms that target specific people or groups.
  • We won’t post threats, defamatory statements, or suggestions or encouragement of illegal activity.
  • We won’t post comments that include personal information, like Social Security numbers, account numbers, home addresses, and email addresses. To file a detailed report about a scam, go to

We don't edit comments to remove objectionable content, so please ensure that your comment contains none of the above. The comments posted on this blog become part of the public domain. To protect your privacy and the privacy of other people, please do not include personal information. Opinions in comments that appear in this blog belong to the individuals who expressed them. They do not belong to or represent views of the Federal Trade Commission.

Gara Cristando
November 07, 2022

Well , that is a good thing, although it doesn't help me now. My business was stolen from VIA my POS. By someone I knew. They used an old email address of mine, pretended to be me and stole thousands upon thousands of dollars from my business. I finally realized what was going on when I reclaimed that old email. I, but nothing happened. I have lost much faith in the system that is supposed to be in place to help victims.

jon roberts
June 25, 2023

I have recently been bombarded by amazon alexa to sign up for various things that I do not want or need. I think amazon has been hustling customers for years and I have long ago stopped giving money to them. Allegedly when a person buys an alexa device like a speaker or echo you get free alexa sleep sounds indefinitely. They are now trying like crazy to get new people to sign up for prime. I find it interesting that amazon simplified their cancellation process probably with help from a friendly amazon lawyer knowing that the days of customer manipulation are ending. Good work FTC!

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