971 0070

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
BEFORE FEDERAL TRADE COMMISSION

COMMISSIONERS:
Robert Pitofsky, Chairman
Sheila F. Anthony
Mozelle W. Thompson
Orson Swindle
Thomas B. Leary

In the Matter of
Capitol Records, Inc. d.b.a.
"EMI Music Distribution" et al.

Docket No. C-3975

DECISION AND ORDER

The Federal Trade Commission having initiated an investigation of certain acts and practices of Respondent Capitol Records, Inc. and Respondent having been furnished thereafter with a copy of the draft of Complaint that the Bureau of Competition presented to the Commission for its consideration and which, if issued, would charge Respondent with violations of Section 5 of the Federal Trade Commission Act, as amended, 15 U.S.C. 45; and

Respondent, its attorneys, and counsel for the Commission having thereafter executed an Agreement Containing Consent Order ("Consent Agreement"), containing an admission by Respondent of all the jurisdictional facts set forth in the aforesaid draft of Complaint, a statement that the signing of said Consent Agreement is for settlement purposes only and does not constitute an admission by Respondent that the law has been violated as alleged in such Complaint, or that the facts as alleged in such Complaint, other than jurisdictional facts, are true, and waivers and other provisions as required by the Commission's Rules; and

The Commission having thereafter considered the matter and having determined that it had reason to believe that Respondent has violated said Act, and that a Complaint should issue stating its charges in that respect, and having accepted the executed Consent Agreement and placed such Consent Agreement on the public record for a period of thirty (30) days for the receipt and consideration of public comments, and having duly considered the comments filed thereafter by interested persons pursuant to  2.34 of its Rules, the Commission hereby issues its complaint, makes the following jurisdictional findings and issues the following Order:

  1. Respondent Capitol Records, Inc. (hereinafter "EMI") is a corporation organized and existing under the laws of the State of Delaware with its principal place of business at 1750 North Vine Street, Hollywood California. Capitol Records, Inc. is the principal, indirect U.S. subsidiary of the EMI Group PLC, a United Kingdom corporation. EMI produces, manufactures, distributes, and markets prerecorded music, among other things. EMI Music Distribution (hereinafter "EMD") is a division of Capitol Records, Inc. which manufactures, markets and distributes prerecorded music, among other things.
  2. The Federal Trade Commission has jurisdiction of the subject matter of this proceeding and over the Respondent, and the proceeding is in the public interest.

ORDER

I.

It is ordered that, as used in this Order, the following definitions shall apply:

  1. The terms "Capitol" and "EMI" both mean Capitol Records, Inc., its directors, officers, employees, agents, representatives, predecessors, successors, and assigns; its subsidiaries, divisions, groups, and affiliates controlled by Capitol Records, Inc., and the respective directors, officers, employees, agents, representatives, successors and assigns of each.
  2. "Respondent" means Capitol Records, Inc.
  3. "Commission" means the Federal Trade Commission.
  4. "Product" means prerecorded music in physical or electronic format that is offered for sale or sold in the United States, including, but not limited to, compact discs ("CDs"), audio DVDs, audio cassettes, albums and digital audio files (i.e., digital files which are delivered to the consumer electronically, to be stored on the consumer's hard drive or other storage device).
  5. "Dealer" means any person, corporation, or entity that in the course of its business offers for sale or sells any Product in the United States, including, but not limited to, wholesale distributors, retail establishments, and Internet retail sites.
  6. "Cooperative Advertising or Other Promotional Funds" means any payment, rebate, charge-back or other consideration provided to a Dealer by EMI in exchange for any type of advertising, promotion or marketing efforts by that Dealer on behalf of EMI. This term also includes advertising, promotion, or marketing efforts by EMI on behalf of one or more identified Dealers. Examples of cooperative advertising include, but are not limited to, free goods provided to a Dealer by EMI, and payments for newspaper advertisements, radio and television advertisements, internet banner advertisements, posters and signs within a Dealer's retail stores, pricing or positioning of Products within a Dealer's retail stores, and point-of-purchase merchandising.
  7. "Media Advertising" means any promotional effort by a Dealer outside of the Dealer's physical location or Dealer-controlled internet site, including but not limited to, print, radio, billboards, or television.
  8. "In-Store Promotion" means any promotional effort conducted in or on the physical premises of a Dealer or a Dealer-controlled internet site, including but not limited to, signs, bin cards, end caps, hit walls, listening posts, internet banner advertisements, and promotional stickers.
  9. "Advertised or Promoted" means:
(1) any form of advertising, promotion, or marketing efforts by EMI on behalf of one or more of its identified Dealers;
(2) any form of Media Advertising efforts including, but not limited to, print, radio, billboard, or television; and
(3) any form of In-Store Promotion efforts including, but not limited to, signs, bin cards, end caps, hit walls, listening posts, internet banner advertisements and promotional stickers.

II.

It is further ordered that for a period of seven (7) years, EMI directly, indirectly, or through any corporation, subsidiary, division or other device, in connection with the offering for sale, sale or distribution of any EMI Product in the United States of America in or affecting "commerce," as defined by the Federal Trade Commission Act, shall cease and desist from directly or indirectly adopting, maintaining, enforcing or threatening to enforce any policy, practice or plan which makes the receipt of any Cooperative Advertising or Other Promotional Funds contingent upon the price or price level at which any EMI Product is Advertised or Promoted.

III.

It is further ordered that EMI, directly, indirectly, or through any corporation, subsidiary, division or other device, in connection with the offering for sale, sale or distribution of any EMI Product in the United States of America in or affecting "commerce," as defined by the Federal Trade Commission Act, shall not directly or indirectly:

  1. A. Adopt, maintain, enforce or threaten to enforce any policy, practice or plan which makes the receipt of any Cooperative Advertising or Other Promotional Funds contingent upon the price at which any EMI Product is offered for sale or sold;
  2. Adopt, maintain, enforce or threaten to enforce any policy, practice or plan which makes the receipt of any Cooperative Advertising or Other Promotional Funds contingent upon the price or price level of the EMI Product in any In-Store Promotion or Media Advertising where the Dealer does not seek any contribution from EMI for the cost of said Media Advertising or In-Store Promotion;
  3. Adopt, maintain, enforce or threaten to enforce any policy, practice or plan which makes the receipt of any Cooperative Advertising or Other Promotional Funds contingent upon the price or price level of the EMI Product in any In-Store Promotion or Media Advertising if EMI's contribution exceeds 100% of the Dealer's actual costs of said Media Advertising or In-Store Promotion;
  4. Agree with any Dealer to control or maintain the resale price at which the Dealer may offer for sale or sell any EMI Product;
  5. For a period of five (5) years, announce resale or minimum advertised prices of EMI Product and unilaterally terminate those who fail to comply because of such failure. Notwithstanding the foregoing, nothing herein shall prohibit EMI from announcing suggested list prices for EMI Product.

IV.

It is further ordered that for a period of seven (7) years:

  1. EMI shall amend all policy manuals applicable to the distribution of EMI Product to state affirmatively that EMI and Capitol does not maintain or enforce any plan, practice or policy of the type prohibited in Paragraph II of this Order.
  2. In each published full catalogue or published full price list in which EMI states suggested list prices or codes indicative of such prices, EMI shall state affirmatively that it does not maintain or enforce any plan, practice or policy of the type prohibited in Paragraph II of this Order.
The documents described in this Paragraph IV shall be provided to the Commission upon request.

V.

It is further ordered that within 10 days after this Order becomes final, EMI shall mail by first class mail, electronic mail or facsimile a letter containing the language attached as Exhibit A to:

  1. All of the directors, officers, agents and sales representatives of EMD, and all of the sales representatives of the labels for which EMD distributes Products in the United States of America.
  2. All Dealers to which EMI sells directly and that are engaged in the sale of any EMI Product in the United States of America.

VI.

It is further ordered that for a period of seven (7) years, EMI shall mail by first class mail, electronic mail, or facsimile a letter containing the language attached as Exhibit A to:

  1. Each new director, officer, agent and sales representative of EMD and each new sales representative of the labels for which EMD distributes Products in the United States of America.
  2. Each new Dealer to which EMI sells directly which is engaged in the sale of any EMI Product in the United States of America.
within thirty (30) days of the commencement of such person's employment or affiliation with EMI.

VII.

It is further ordered that annually for five (5) years on the anniversary of the date this Order becomes final, and at such other times as the Commission may by written notice to EMI require, EMI shall file with the Commission a verified written report setting forth in detail the manner and form in which EMI has complied and is complying with this Order.

VIII.

It is further ordered that this Order shall terminate on August 30, 2020.

By the Commission.
Donald S. Clark
Secretary
ISSUE: August 30, 2000

EXHIBIT A
[COMPANY LETTERHEAD]

Dear [Recipient]:

EMI announces several important changes in policy. All of these changes will be reflected in the new Policy Manual.

EMI has dropped its Minimum Advertised Price ("MAP") policy effective ____, 2000. Cooperative advertising and other promotional funds will not be conditioned upon the price at which EMI product is advertised or promoted. As many of you know, the Federal Trade Commission has conducted an investigation into EMI's MAP policy. To end the investigation expeditiously and to avoid disruption to the conduct of its business, EMI has voluntarily agreed, without admitting any violation of the law, to the entry of a Consent Agreement relating to MAP and other related matters.

EMI's customers can advertise and promote our products at any price they choose. EMI will not withhold cooperative advertising or other promotional funds on the basis of the price at which EMI product is advertised in the media or promoted in your stores. EMI may announce suggested retail prices, but retailers remain free to sell and advertise EMI product at any price they choose.