Amicus Briefs

When a court considers a case whose outcome may affect consumers or competition, the FTC may file a “friend of the court” brief to provide information that can help the court make its decision in a way that protects consumers or promotes competition. To find a specific FTC brief, use the filters on this page.

Displaying 41 - 60 of 100

Credit Suisse Securities (USA) LLC v. Billing

Citation Number: 05-1157
Federal Court: Supreme Court of the United States
Date:

Joint brief of the United States, the Federal Trade Commission, and the Securities and Exchange Commission, as amicus curiae, addressing the application of the antitrust laws to activities subject to SEC regulation. The brief argues that collaborative underwriting activities occurring during the initial public offering of securities that are expressly or implicitly authorized under the securities laws, as well as conduct inextricably intertwined with such activities, are immune from the antitrust laws. It also cautions that antitrust claims in the securities context must be carefully scrutinized to ensure that legitimate underwriting activities are not chilled by vague or conclusory allegations of impermissible conduct. At the same time, the brief cautions that not all underwriting activities occurring in connection with an initial public offering enjoys a blanket antitrust exemption. The brief urges the Court to vacate the lower court rulings, neither of which struck the appropriate balance between the interests of both the antitrust and securities laws.

Safeco Ins. Co. v. Burr; GEICO Gen. Ins. Co. v. Edo

Citation Number: 06-84, 06-100
Date:

Joint brief of the United States and the Federal Trade Commission, as amici curiae in these consolidated cases, urging vacatur and remand in Safeco, and reversal in GEICO. The brief argues that, under the Fair Credit Reporting Act, the phrase “willful noncompliance” encompasses both knowing violations and reckless disregard for the law. The brief also argues that an insurance company must provide an applicant with an adverse action notice whenever that company offers a consumer a higher rate than it would have offered if the consumer’s report had been more favorable.

Weyerhaeuser Co. v. Ross-Simmons Hardwood Lumber Co.

Citation Number: 05-381
Federal Court: Supreme Court of the United States
Date:

Joint brief of the United States and the Federal Trade Commission, as amici curiae, urging the Supreme Court reverse a court of appeals ruling that the standard for a predatory pricing claim articulated by the Supreme Court in Brooke Group Ltd v. Brown & Williamson Tobacco Corp., 509 U.S. 209 (1993), did not apply to a case in which the plaintiff alleged “predatory bidding” in violation of Section 2 of the Sherman Act, and approved instructions that allowed a jury to find a violation based on subjective assessments of factors such as “fairness” and “necessity.” The brief argues that the economic and prudential concerns that underlie the Supreme Court’s decision in Brooke Group also apply to claims of predatory bidding, and that the court of appeals therefore erred in holding that a plaintiff need not show that the defendant suffered a loss in the short term or that it had a dangerous probability of recouping its losses in the long term.

Latino Quimica-Amtex S.A., et al. v. Atofina S.A. et al.

Citation Number: 05-5754-cv
Federal Court: U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit
Date:

Joint brief of the United States and the Federal Trade Commission, as amici curiae, addressing the proper application of the Foreign Trade Antitrust Improvements Act where a foreign plaintiff's claimed injury from an alleged antitrust conspiracy does not arise from the effects of that conspiracy on U.S. commerce. This brief was provided in response to an order from the Second Circuit. It argues that the district court properly dismissed plaintiffs' complaint for lack of jurisdiction, and that plaintiffs' claims represent an attempt to expand the Sherman Act's scope that is contrary to the FTAIA.

Weyerhaeuser Co. v. Ross-Simmons Hardwood Lumber Co

Citation Number: 05-381
Federal Court: Supreme Court of the United States
Date:

Joint brief of the United States and the Federal Trade Commission, as amici curiae, urging the Supreme Court to grant certiorari in this case, in which the court of appeals held that the standard for a predatory pricing claim articulated by the Supreme Court in Brooke Group Ltd v. Brown & Williamson Tobacco Corp., 509 U.S. 209 (1993), did not apply to a case in which the plaintiff alleged “predatory bidding” in violation of Section 2 of the Sherman Act, and approved instructions that allowed a jury to find a violation based on subjective assessments of factors such as “fairness” and “necessity.” The brief argues that the economic and prudential concerns that underlie the Supreme Court’s decision in Brooke Group also apply to claims of predatory bidding, and that the court of appeals therefore erred in holding that a plaintiff need not show that the defendant suffered a loss in the short term or that it had a dangerous probability of recouping its losses in the long term.

Whitfield v. Radian Guaranty, Inc

Citation Number: 05-5017
Federal Court: U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit
Date:

In this amicus brief supporting consumers a case under Fair Credit Reporting Act ("FCRA"), the The Commission argues that the district court erred in holding that a mortgage insurance company was not required to provide a consumer with an FCRA adverse action notice even though, as a result of information in a consumer report, the insurance company charged a higher premium for mortgage insurance, and that premium was paid by the consumer. The brief explains that the FCRA requires such a notice because the insurance company's action relates to the consumer, even though the consumer is not the beneficiary of the policy. The brief further explains that a balancing test applied by the district court is contrary to the FCRA's requirements.

Chavez v. Netflix, Inc.

Citation Number: CGC-04-434884
Date:

In this amicus brief opposing a proposed settlement of a class action by Netflix customers, the Commission raises two concerns. First, because the settlement involves limited-time free service or service upgrades that automatically continue at the consumer’s expense unless cancelled, it would serve more as a promotional vehicle for Netflix than a means of providing redress to consumers, and could leave some consumers in a worse position than if they had decided not to participate. Second, the notice to class members does not adequately inform them about the existence of the negative option, and the settlement agreement does not require disclosure of the terms of the negative option plan and fails to specify how consumers can cancel.

In re Tamoxifen Citrate Antitrust Litigation

Citation Number: 03-7641
Federal Court: U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit
Date:

An amicus brief in support of plaintiffs-appellants’ petition for panel rehearing and rehearing en banc. The case concerns a decision by a divided panel of the appeals court upholding the dismissal, pursuant to FRCP 12(b)(6), of an antitrust challenge to a Hatch-Waxman patent settlement between AstraZeneca, the manufacturer of a branded drug, and Barr Labs., an FDA applicant for a generic counterpart. The Commission argues that the panel did not properly consider the Hatch-Waxman Act, which encourages challenges to pharmaceutical patents to facilitate the early entry of generic drugs, and that, if not corrected, the panel decision would permit the holder of a challenged drug patent to harm competition, and thus consumers, substantially by impermissibly paying a would-be generic rival to stay off the market.

Texaco, Inc. v. Dagher

Citation Number: 04-805
Federal Court: Supreme Court of the United States
Date:

Joint brief of the United States and the Federal Trade Commission, as amici curiae, urging the Supreme Court to reverse a ruling of the court of appeals, which had held that an agreement between two owners of a joint venture, regarding the prices of products to be sold by the joint venture, in markets in which the partners themselves no longer participated, could constitute a per se violation of the Sherman Act.

Illinois Tool Works, Inc. v. Independent Ink, Inc.

Citation Number: 04-1329
Federal Court: Supreme Court of the United States
Date:

Joint brief of the United States, the Federal Trade Commission, and the Patent and Trademark Office, as amici curiae, urging the Court to reverse the ruling of the court of appeals, which was based on a presumption that the possession of a patent conveys market power for purposes of adjudicating a claim of tying.

Texaco, Inc. v. Dagher

Citation Number: 04-805
Federal Court: Supreme Court of the United States
Date:

Joint brief of the United States and the Federal Trade Commission, as amici curiae, urging the Supreme Court to grant certiorari in this case, in which the court of appeals held that an agreement between two owners of a joint venture, regarding the prices of products to be sold by the joint venture, in markets in which the partners themselves no longer participated, could constitute a per se violation of the Sherman Act.

Volvo Trucks North America, Inc. v. Reeder-Simco GMC, Inc.

Citation Number: 04-905
Date:

Joint brief of the United States and the Federal Trade Commission, as amici curiae, urging the Supreme Court to reverse the judgment of the court of appeals, which upheld a verdict of unlawful price discrimination, despite the fact that plaintiff lost sales not to ostensibly favored Volvo dealers, but to dealers for other brands.

Empagran, S.A. v. Hoffmann-LaRoche, Ltd.

Citation Number: 01-7115
Federal Court: U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals for the D.C. Circuit
Date:

Joint brief of the United States and the Federal Trade Commission, as amici curiae, addressing the proper application of the Foreign Trade Antitrust Improvements Act. This brief, which was filed after the case was remanded by the Supreme Court, argues that plaintiff's so-called “alternative theory” of liability is legally insufficient to establish jurisdiction, and that the plaintiff’s complaint should be dismissed. The brief also argues that, even if there were jurisdiction, the case should be dismissed because plaintiff lacks standing.

Teva Pharmaceuticals USA, Inc. v. Pfizer, Inc.

Citation Number: 04-1186
Date:

In this amicus brief in support of Teva’s combined petition for rehearing and rehearing en banc, the Commission argues that the court erred in affirming the district court’s dismissal of Teva’s complaint in this Hatch-Waxman Act case. The brief argues that the court applied the wrong test to assess jurisdiction under the Declaratory Judgment Act. The court only considered the likelihood that Teva would face a patent infringement suit, but failed to take account of the injury Teva will suffer. The brief argues that Teva will face injury even in the absence of a patent infringement suit because the FDA cannot approve Teva’s generic sertraline hydrochloride drug unless Teva can obtain a court decision regarding Pfizer’s patent.

Empagran, S.A. v. F. Hoffmann-LaRoche, Ltd.

Citation Number: 01-7115
Federal Court: U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals for the D.C. Circuit
Date:

Joint brief of the United States and the Federal Trade Commission, as amici curiae, addressing the proper application of the Foreign Trade Antitrust Improvements Act. This brief is in response to an order issued by the D.C. Circuit, which called for supplemental briefing regarding what action that court should take upon remand of the case to it by the Supreme Court. At issue is whether there is jurisdiction to proceed on the so-called “alternative theory” of liability described by the Supreme Court. The brief argues that, in lieu of remanding the case to the district court, the D.C. Circuit should hold that the “alternative theory” is legally insufficient to establish jurisdiction, and that the plaintiff’s complaint should be dismissed.

Ashby v. Farmers Group, Inc

Citation Number: 04-35394
Federal Court: U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit
Date:

FTC amicus brief arguing that the district court erred in its interpretation of the Fair Credit Reporting Act when it held that an insurance company cannot take “adverse action” against a consumer, as that term is defined in the FCRA in connection with an initial offer of insurance. The brief points out that the district court’s interpretation of the Act is at odds with the most natural reading of the statutory language, as well as with both the central purpose and legislative history of the FCRA.

American Bankers Ass’n v. Lockyer

Citation Number: 04-16334
Federal Court: U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit
Date:

Joint amicus brief of the Federal Trade Commission, the Office of Thrift Supervision, the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency, the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, and the National Credit Union Administration, arguing that the federal Fair Credit Reporting Act preempts provisions of a California statute.

Spano v. SAFECO Insurance Co

Citation Number: 04-35313
Federal Court: U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit
Date:

The Commission argued that the district court erred in its interpretation of the Fair Credit Reporting Act when it held that an insurance company cannot take “adverse action” against a consumer, as that term is defined in the FCRA in connection with an initial offer of insurance. The brief points out that the district court’s interpretation of the Act is at odds with the most natural reading of the statutory language, as well as with both the central purpose and legislative history of the FCRA.

Andrx Pharmaceuticals, Inc. v. Kroger Co

Citation Number: 03-779
Federal Court: Supreme Court of the United States
Date:

Joint brief of the United States and the Federal Trade Commission, urging the Court to deny a writ of certiorari in this case, regarding private patent litigation and the legal standards applicable to “reverse payment” patent litigation settlements in the Hatch-Waxman context.

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