UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
BEFORE FEDERAL TRADE COMMISSION
- Robert Pitofsky, Chairman
- Mary L. Azcuenaga
- Sheila F. Anthony
- Mozelle W. Thompson
- Orson Swindle
In the Matter of
TRW Inc., a corporation.
Docket No. C-3790
DECISION AND ORDER
The Federal Trade Commission having initiated an investigation of the proposed
acquisition by respondent of all of the outstanding voting common stock of BDM
International Inc. (BDM), and the respondent having been furnished thereafter
with a copy of a draft of Complaint that the Bureau of Competition presented to the
Commission for its consideration and which, if issued by the Commission, would charge
respondent with violations of Section 7 of the Clayton Act, as amended, 15 U.S.C. § 18,
and Section 5 of the Federal Trade Commission Act, as amended, 15 U.S.C. § 45; and
Respondent, its attorneys, and counsel for the Commission having thereafter executed an
Agreement to Hold Separate and an Agreement Containing Consent Order, an admission by
respondent of all the jurisdictional facts set forth in the aforesaid draft of Complaint,
a statement that the signing of said Agreements is for settlement purposes only and does
not constitute an admission by respondent that the law has been violated as alleged in
such Complaint, or that the facts as alleged in such Complaint, other than jurisdictional
facts, are true and waivers and other provisions as required by the Commissions
The Commission having thereafter considered the matter and having determined that it
had reason to believe that the respondent has violated the said Acts, and that a Complaint
should issue stating its charges in that respect, and having thereupon accepted the
executed Agreement Containing Consent Order and Agreement to Hold Separate and placed such
Agreements on the public record for a period of sixty (60) days, and having duly
considered the comments filed thereafter by interested persons pursuant to § 2.34 of its
Rules, now in further conformity with the procedure described in § 2.34 of its Rules, the
Commission hereby issues its Complaint, makes the following jurisdictional findings and
enters the following Order:
- Respondent TRW Inc. (TRW) is a corporation organized, existing and doing
business under and by virtue of the laws of the State of Ohio, with its office and
principal place of business located at 1900 Richmond Road, Cleveland, Ohio, 44124.
- The Federal Trade Commission has jurisdiction of the subject matter of this proceeding
and of the respondent, and the proceeding is in the public interest.
IT IS ORDERED that, as used in this order, the following definitions shall
A. "Respondent" or "TRW" means TRW Inc., its directors, officers,
employees, agents and representatives, predecessors, successors, and assigns; its
subsidiaries, divisions, groups and affiliates controlled by TRW Inc., and the respective
directors, officers, employees, agents, and representatives, successors, and assigns of
B. "BDM" means BDM International Inc., a Delaware corporation with its
principal place of business at 1501 BDM Way, McLean, VA, 22102, its directors, officers,
employees, agents and representatives, predecessors, successors, and assigns; its
subsidiaries, divisions, groups and affiliates controlled by BDM International Inc., and
the respective directors, officers, employees, agents, and representatives, successors,
and assigns of each.
C. "Commission" means the Federal Trade Commission.
D. "Ballistic Missile Defense Organization" means the agency of the
Department of Defense that is chartered by the Secretary of Defense under Department of
Defense Directive 5134.9 and mandated by Congress to develop ballistic missile defense
E. "SETA Services Operations" means all assets, properties, business and
goodwill, tangible and intangible, held by BDM and used in the provision of SETA Services
to the Ballistic Missile Defense Organization under contract HQ0006-95-C-0006, including,
without limitation, the following:
- all rights, obligations and interests in contract HQ0006-95-C-0006 between the Ballistic
Missile Defense Organization and BDM, or any subcontract of a contract between any entity
and the Ballistic Missile Defense Organization where such subcontract is between BDM and
- all machinery, fixtures, equipment, vehicles, transportation facilities, furniture,
tools and other tangible personal property;
- all customer lists, vendor lists, catalogs, sales promotion literature, advertising
materials, research materials, financial information, technical information, management
information and systems, software, software licenses, inventions, trade secrets,
intellectual property, patents, technology, know-how, specifications, designs, drawings,
processes and quality control data;
- all rights, title and interests in and to owned or leased real property, together with
appurtenances, licenses and permits;
- all rights, title and interests in and to the contracts entered into in the ordinary
course of business with customers (together with associated bid and performance bonds),
suppliers, sales representatives, distributors, agents, personal property lessors,
personal property lessees, licensors, licensees, consignors and consignees;
- all rights under warranties and guarantees, express or implied;
- all books, records, and files;
- all data developed, prepared, received, stored or maintained under contract
HQ0006-95-C-0006, or any predecessor contract or subcontract to support the operations of
the Ballistic Missile Defense Organization;
- all items of prepaid expense; and
- all employment contracts.
F. "SETA Services" means systems engineering and technical assistance
services provided by BDM to the Ballistic Missile Defense Organization pursuant to
HQ0006-95-C-0006 or any predecessor contract.
G. "Proposed Acquisition" means TRWs proposed acquisition of all the
voting securities of BDM pursuant to an Agreement and Plan of Merger dated November 20,
H. "Non-public BMDO Information" means any information not in the public
domain furnished by any company or the Ballistic Missile Defense Organization to BDM in
its capacity as provider of SETA Services under contract HQ0006-95-C-0006 or any
predecessor contract or subcontract.
IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that:
A. Respondent shall divest, absolutely and in good faith, within one hundred and twenty
(120) days from the date the Proposed Acquisition is consummated, the SETA Services
Operations, and shall also divest such additional ancillary assets as are necessary to
assure the continued ability of the acquirer to provide SETA Services.
B. Respondent shall divest the SETA Services Operations only to an acquirer that
receives the prior approval of the Commission and the Department of Defense and only in a
manner that receives the prior approval of the Commission. The purpose of the divestiture
is to ensure the continued provision of SETA Services in the same manner as provided by
BDM at the time of the proposed divestiture, at no increased cost to the Ballistic Missile
Defense Organization, and to remedy the lessening of competition resulting from the
Proposed Acquisition as alleged in the Commissions complaint.
C. Pending divestiture of the SETA Services Operations, respondent shall take such
actions as are necessary to ensure the continued provision of SETA Services, to maintain
the viability and marketability of the assets used to provide SETA Services, and to
prevent the destruction, removal, wasting, deterioration, or impairment of any of the
assets used to provide SETA Services, except for ordinary wear and tear.
D. Upon reasonable notice from the acquirer or from the Ballistic Missile Defense
Organization to respondent, respondent shall provide such technical assistance to the
acquirer as is reasonably necessary to enable the acquirer to provide SETA Services in
substantially the same manner and quality as provided by BDM prior to divestiture. Such
assistance shall include reasonable consultation with knowledgeable employees and training
at the acquirers facility for a period of time sufficient to satisfy the
acquirers management that its personnel are appropriately trained in the skills
necessary to perform the SETA Services. Respondent shall convey all know-how necessary to
perform SETA Services in substantially the same manner and quality employed or achieved by
BDM prior to divestiture. However, respondent shall not be required to continue providing
such assistance for more than one year from the date of the divestiture. Respondent shall
charge the acquirer at a rate no more than its own costs for providing such technical
E. At the time of the execution of a purchase agreement between respondent and a
proposed acquirer of the SETA Services Operations, respondent shall provide the acquirer
with a complete list of all current full-time, non-clerical, salaried employees of BDM
engaged in the provision of SETA Services on the date of the purchase agreement. Such list
shall state each such individuals name, position, address, telephone number, and a
description of the duties of and work performed by the individual in connection with the
SETA Services Operations.
F. Respondent shall provide the proposed acquirer with an opportunity to inspect the
personnel files and other documentation relating to the individuals identified in
Paragraph II.E. of this order to the extent permissible under applicable laws. For a
period of six (6) months following the divestiture, respondent shall further provide the
acquirer with an opportunity to interview such individuals and negotiate employment
contracts with them.
G. Respondent shall provide all current employees identified in Paragraph II.E. of this
order with financial incentives to continue in their employment positions pending
divestiture of the SETA Services Operations, and to accept employment with the acquirer at
the time of the divestiture. Such incentives shall include continuation of all employee
benefits offered by BDM until the date of the divestiture, and vesting of all pension
H. For a period of two (2) years commencing on the date of the individuals
employment by the acquirer, respondent shall not re-hire any of the individuals identified
in Paragraph II.E. of this order who accept employment with the acquirer.
I. Prior to divestiture, respondent shall not transfer any of the individuals
identified in Paragraph II.E. of this order whose employment responsibilities involve
access to Non-public BMDO Information to any other positions.
J. Respondents shall comply with all terms of the Agreement to Hold Separate, attached
to this order and made part hereof as Appendix I.
IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that:
A. If respondent has not divested, absolutely and in good faith and with the
Commissions prior approval, the SETA Services Operations within one hundred and
twenty (120) days from the date the Proposed Acquisition is consummated, the Commission
may appoint a trustee to divest the SETA Services Operations. In the event that the
Commission or the Attorney General brings an action pursuant to § 5(l) of the
Federal Trade Commission Act, 15 U.S.C. § 45(l), or any other statute enforced by
the Commission, respondent shall consent to the appointment of a trustee in such action.
Neither the appointment of a trustee nor a decision not to appoint a trustee under this
Paragraph shall preclude the Commission or the Attorney General from seeking civil
penalties or any other relief available to it, including a court- appointed trustee,
pursuant to § 5(l) of the Federal Trade Commission Act, or any other statute
enforced by the Commission, for any failure by the respondent to comply with this order.
B. If a trustee is appointed by the Commission or a court pursuant to Paragraph III.A.
of this order, respondent shall consent to the following terms and conditions regarding
the trustees powers, duties, authority, and responsibilities:
- The Commission shall select the trustee, subject to the consent of respondent, which
consent shall not be unreasonably withheld. The trustee shall be a person with experience
and expertise in acquisitions and divestitures. If respondent has not opposed, in writing,
including the reasons for opposing, the selection of any proposed trustee within ten (10)
days after notice by the staff of the Commission to respondent of the identity of any
proposed trustee, respondent shall be deemed to have consented to the selection of the
- Subject to the prior approval of the Commission and the Department of Defense, the
trustee shall have the exclusive power and authority to divest the SETA Services
- Within ten (10) days after appointment of the trustee, respondent shall execute a trust
agreement that, subject to the prior approval of the Commission and, in the case of a
court- appointed trustee, of the court, transfers to the trustee all rights and powers
necessary to permit the trustee to effect the divestiture required by this order.
- The trustee shall have nine (9) months from the date the Commission approves the trust
agreement described in Paragraph III.B.3. to accomplish the divestiture, which shall be
subject to the prior approval of the Commission. If, however, at the end of the nine-month
period, the trustee has submitted a plan of divestiture or believes that divestiture can
be achieved within a reasonable time, the divestiture period may be extended by the
Commission, or, in the case of a court- appointed trustee, by the court; provided,
however, the Commission may extend this period only two (2) times.
- The trustee shall have full and complete access to the personnel, books, records and
facilities related to the SETA Services Operations or to any other relevant information,
as the trustee may request. Respondent shall develop such financial or other information
as such trustee may request and shall cooperate with the trustee. Respondent shall take no
action to interfere with or impede the trustees accomplishment of the divestiture.
Any delays in divestiture caused by respondent shall extend the time for divestiture under
this Paragraph in an amount equal to the delay, as determined by the Commission or, for a
court- appointed trustee, by the court.
- The trustee shall use his or her best efforts to negotiate the most favorable price and
terms available in each contract that is submitted to the Commission, subject to
respondents absolute and unconditional obligation to divest expeditiously at no
minimum price. The divestiture shall be made in the manner and to the acquirer as set out
in Paragraph II. of this order; provided, however, if the trustee receives bona fide
offers from more than one acquiring entity, and if the Commission determines to approve
more than one such acquiring entity, the trustee shall divest to the acquiring entity or
entities selected by respondent from among those approved by the Commission and the
Department of Defense.
- The trustee shall serve, without bond or other security, at the cost and expense of
respondent, on such reasonable and customary terms and conditions as the Commission or a
court may set. The trustee shall have the authority to employ, at the cost and expense of
respondent, such consultants, accountants, attorneys, investment bankers, business
brokers, appraisers, and other representatives and assistants as are necessary to carry
out the trustees duties and responsibilities. The trustee shall account for all
monies derived from the divestiture and all expenses incurred. After approval by the
Commission and, in the case of a court-appointed trustee, by the court, of the account of
the trustee, including fees for his or her services, all remaining monies shall be paid at
the direction of the respondent, and the trustees power shall be terminated. The
trustees compensation shall be based at least in significant part on a commission
arrangement contingent on the trustees divesting the SETA Services Operations.
- Respondent shall indemnify the trustee and hold the trustee harmless against any losses,
claims, damages, liabilities, or expenses arising out of, or in connection with, the
performance of the trustees duties, including all reasonable fees of counsel and
other expenses incurred in connection with the preparation for, or defense of any claim,
whether or not resulting in any liability, except to the extent that such liabilities,
losses, damages, claims, or expenses result from misfeasance, gross negligence, willful or
wanton acts, or bad faith by the trustee.
- If the trustee ceases to act or fails to act diligently, a substitute trustee shall be
appointed in the same manner as provided in Paragraph III.A. of this order.
- The Commission or, in the case of a court- appointed trustee, the court, may on its own
initiative or at the request of the trustee issue such additional orders or directions as
may be necessary or appropriate to accomplish the divestiture required by this order.
- The trustee shall have no obligation or authority to operate or maintain the SETA
- The trustee shall report in writing to respondent and the Commission every thirty (30)
days concerning the trustees efforts to accomplish the divestiture.
IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that:
A. Respondent shall not, absent the prior written consent of the proprietor of
Non-public BMDO Information, provide, disclose, or otherwise make available to any entity
any Non-public BMDO Information.
B. Respondent shall use any Non-public BMDO Information only in its capacity as
provider of technical assistance to the acquirer, pursuant to Paragraph II.D. of this
order, unless respondent obtains the prior written consent of the proprietor of the
Non-public BMDO Information.
IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that within thirty (30) days after the date this order
becomes final and every thirty (30) days thereafter until respondent has fully complied
with the provisions of Paragraphs II. or III. of this order, respondent shall submit to
the Commission a verified written report setting forth in detail the manner and form in
which it intends to comply, is complying, and has complied with Paragraphs II. and III. of
this order. Respondent shall include in its compliance reports, among other things that
are required from time to time, a full description of the efforts being made to comply
with Paragraphs II. and III. of the order, including a description of all substantive
contacts or negotiations for the divestiture and the identity of all parties contacted.
Respondent shall include in its compliance reports copies of all written communications to
and from such parties, all internal memoranda, and all reports and recommendations
IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that respondent shall notify the Commission at least
thirty (30) days prior to any proposed change in the corporate respondent such as
dissolution, assignment, a sale resulting in the emergence of a successor corporation, or
the creation or dissolution of subsidiaries or any other change in the corporation that
may affect compliance obligations arising out of the order.
IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that, for the purpose of determining or securing
compliance with this order, upon written request, respondent shall permit any duly
authorized representative of the Commission:
A. Access, during office hours and in the presence of counsel, to inspect any facility
and to inspect and copy all books, ledgers, accounts, correspondence, memoranda and other
records and documents in the possession or under the control of respondent relating to any
matters contained in this order; and
B. Upon five days notice to respondent and without restraint or interference from
it, to interview officers, directors, or employees of respondent, who may have counsel
present, regarding any such matters.
IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that, notwithstanding any other provision of this order,
this order shall terminate on
April 6, 2008.
By the Commission.
Donald S. Clark
ISSUED: April 6, 1998
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
BEFORE FEDERAL TRADE COMMISSION
In the matter of
TRW Inc, a corporation.
File No. 981-0081
AGREEMENT TO HOLD SEPARATE
This Agreement to Hold Separate is by and between TRW Inc.("TRW"), a
corporation organized and existing under the laws of the State of Ohio, and the Federal
Trade Commission (the "Commission"), an independent agency of the United States
Government, established under the Federal Trade Commission Act of 1914, 15 U.S.C. § 41, et
WHEREAS, TRW has proposed to acquire one hundred percent of the voting
securities of BDM International Inc. ("BDM"); and
WHEREAS, the Commission is now investigating the proposed acquisition to
determine if it would violate any of the statutes the Commission enforces; and
WHEREAS, TRW has entered into an Agreement Containing Consent Order
("Consent Agreement"), which requires, among other things, TRW to divest the
SETA Services Operations, as defined; and
WHEREAS, if the Commission accepts the Consent Agreement, the Commission will
place it on the public record for a period of at least sixty (60) days and subsequently
may either withdraw such acceptance or issue and serve its Complaint and decision in
disposition of the proceeding pursuant to the provisions of Section 2.34 of the
Commissions Rules; and
WHEREAS, the Commission is concerned that if an understanding is not reached,
preserving the status of the SETA Services Operations during the period prior to the final
issuance of the Consent Agreement by the Commission (after the 60-day public notice
period), there may be interim competitive harm and divestiture or other relief resulting
from a proceeding challenging the legality of the proposed acquisition might not be
possible, or might be less than an effective remedy; and
WHEREAS, TRW entering into this Agreement to Hold Separate shall in no way be
construed as an admission by TRW that the proposed acquisition constitutes a violation of
any statute; and
WHEREAS, TRW understands that no act or transaction contemplated by this
Agreement to Hold Separate shall be deemed immune or exempt from the provisions of the
antitrust laws or the Federal Trade Commission Act by reason of anything contained in this
Agreement to Hold Separate.
NOW, THEREFORE, upon the understanding that the Commission has not yet
determined whether it will challenge the proposed acquisition, and in consideration of the
Commissions agreement that, at the time it accepts the Consent Agreement for public
comment, it will grant early termination of the Hart-Scott-Rodino waiting period, TRW
agrees as follows:
1. TRW agrees to execute and be bound by the terms of the order contained in the
Consent Agreement, as if it were final, from the date TRW signs the Consent Agreement.
2. TRW agrees that from the date the Proposed Acquisition is consummated until the
earlier of the dates listed in subparagraphs 2.a. - 2.b., it will comply with the
provisions of Paragraph 3. of this Agreement to Hold Separate:
a. three (3) business days after the Commission withdraws its acceptance of the Consent
Order pursuant to the provisions of Section 2.34 of the Commissions rules;
b. the day after the divestiture required by the Consent Order has been completed.
3. To ensure the complete independence and viability of the SETA Services Operations
and to assure that no competitive information is exchanged between the SETA Services
Operations and TRW, TRW shall hold the SETA Services Operations separate and apart on the
following terms and conditions:
a. TRW will appoint, within three (3) days of the date the Proposed Acquisition is
consummated, an individual to manage and maintain the SETA Services Operations who will
make no changes to the SETA Services Operations other than changes made in the ordinary
course of business. This individual ("the Manager") shall manage the SETA
Services Operations independently of the management of TRWs other businesses. The
Manager shall not be involved in any way in the operations or management of any other TRW
b. The Manager shall have exclusive control over the SETA Services Operations, with
responsibility for the management of the SETA Services Operations and for maintaining the
independence of that business.
c. TRW shall not exercise direction or control over, or influence directly or
indirectly the Manager relating to the operation of the SETA Services Operations;
provided, however, that TRW may exercise only such direction and control over the Manager
and the SETA Services Operations as is necessary to assure compliance with this Agreement
to Hold Separate and with all applicable laws.
d. TRW shall maintain the marketability, viability, and competitiveness of the SETA
Services Operations and shall not sell, transfer, encumber them (other than in the normal
course of business or to assure compliance with the Consent Agreement), or otherwise
impair their marketability, viability or competitiveness.
e. Except for the Manager and support service employees involved in the SETA Services
Operations, such as Human Resources, Legal, Tax, Accounting, Insurance, and Internal Audit
employees, TRW shall not permit any other TRW employee, officer, or director to be
involved in the management of the SETA Services Operations. Employees of the SETA Services
Operations shall not be involved in any other TRW business.
f. Except as required by law, and except to the extent that necessary information is
exchanged in the course of evaluating the Acquisition, defending investigations or
litigation, or negotiating agreements to divest assets, TRW, other than employees involved
in the SETA Services Operations, or support service employees involved in the SETA
Services Operations, shall not receive or have access to, or the use of, Non-public BMDO
Information, or any material confidential information about the SETA Services Operations
or the activities of the Manager or support service employees involved in the SETA
Services Operations, not in the public domain.
g. TRW shall circulate to all its employees involved with the SETA Services Operations
or any Ballistic Missile Defense Organization program, and appropriately display, a copy
of this Agreement to Hold Separate and the Consent Agreement.
h. If the Manager ceases to act or fails to act diligently, a substitute Manager shall
i. The Manager shall have access to and be informed about all companies who inquire
about, seek or propose to buy the SETA Services Operations. TRW may require the Manager to
sign a confidentiality agreement prohibiting the disclosure of any material confidential
information gained as a result of his or her role as a Manager to anyone other than the
j. The Manager shall report in writing to the Commission every thirty (30) days
concerning his or her efforts to accomplish the purposes of this Agreement to Hold
4. TRW shall deliver, within three (3) days of the date the Consent Agreement is
accepted for public comment by the Commission, a copy of the Consent Agreement and a copy
of this Agreement to Hold Separate to the Ballistic Missile Defense Organization.
5. TRW waives all rights to contest the validity of this Agreement to Hold Separate.
6. For the purpose of determining or securing compliance with this Agreement to Hold
Separate, subject to any legally recognized privilege and applicable United States
Government national security requirements, and upon written request, and on reasonable
notice, to TRW made to its principal office, TRW shall permit any duly authorized
representative or representatives of the Commission:
a. Access during the office hours of TRW and in the presence of counsel to inspect any
facilities and to inspect and copy all books, ledgers, accounts, correspondence,
memoranda, and other records and documents in the possession or under the control of TRW
relating to compliance with this Agreement to Hold Separate; and
b. Upon five (5) days notice to TRW and without restraint or interference from
it, to interview officers, directors, or employees of TRW, who may have counsel present,
regarding any such matters.
7. This Agreement to Hold Separate shall not be binding until accepted by the
|FEDERAL TRADE COMMISSION
Debra A. Valentine
William B. Lawrence
Executive Vice President
Tommy D. Smith
Jones, Day, Reavis & Pogue
Counsel for TRW Inc.