An operation selling Chinese herbal supplements is banned from claiming its products treat or cure diseases, to settle Federal Trade Commission charges it violated a previous court order. The FTC alleged the sellers of Dia-Cope, a pill claimed to prevent, treat, and cure diabetes, violated the order by misrepresenting the health benefits of their product and misrepresenting that clinical trials proved their claims. The defendants will give up their ill-gotten gains – all of the assets they received from the sale of Dia-Cope.
The defendants originally sold “Sagee,” a Chinese herbal supplement that they claimed could improve memory and concentration, repair damaged brain cells, slow the aging of the brain, increase the learning ability of people with mental handicaps, and treat various diseases and conditions related to brain function, including Alzheimer’s disease, senile dementia, schizophrenia, autism, cerebral hemorrhage, stroke, epilepsy, and Parkinson’s disease. They advertised Sagee mainly in Chinese-language media; some ads also appeared in Vietnamese and English. The supplements were sold by distributors on the Internet and in some stores.
The FTC charged that the claims about Sagee were false and unsubstantiated and an order entered in January 2005 prohibited the defendants from making unsubstantiated health benefit, performance, or efficacy claims for any dietary supplement, food, drug, device, or service. The order also barred them from misrepresenting the existence, results, validity or conclusions of any scientific study.
According to the FTC, the defendants then began advertising Dia-Cope on Web sites available in seven languages: English, Chinese, Japanese, Korean, Indonesian, Spanish, and Russian. The defendants claimed Dia-Cope could prevent, treat, and cure diabetes and claimed that thousands of human clinical trials proved it. Their Web sites, www.sagee.com and www.dia-cope.com, stated that the FDA had approved the product. Bottles of Dia-Cope with 90 capsules sold for $60 – enough with the suggested dosage to last one or two weeks.
According to the FTC, the defendants violated their court order by misrepresenting the health benefits of Dia-Cope, falsely claiming that the FDA had approved the product, and misrepresenting that there was clinical support for their claims. A US District Court entered a temporary restraining order against the California-based defendants, Sagee U.S.A. Group, Inc. and Xiao Hua Li, on July 5, 2006, stopping their deceptive claims.
The modified order against the defendants bans them from claiming that any foods, drugs, devices, services, or dietary supplements can prevent, mitigate, treat, or cure any disease. Under the order, the defendants will give up all of the assets derived from the sale of Dia-Cope, $10,396. The order extends the original order’s monitoring and record-keeping provisions and retains the strict provisions requiring the corporate defendant, Sagee, to monitor the activities of its distributors.
The Commission vote to authorize staff to file the modified stipulated final order was 5-0. The modified stipulated final order for permanent injunction was entered in the U.S. District Court for the Central District of California on August 9, 2006.
NOTE: This stipulated final order is for settlement purposes only and does not constitute an admission by the defendant of a law violation. A stipulated final order requires approval by the court and has the force of law when signed by the judge.
Copies of the complaint and modified stipulated final order are available from the FTC’s Web site at http://www.ftc.gov and also from the FTC’s Consumer Response Center, Room 130, 600 Pennsylvania Avenue, N.W., Washington, D.C. 20580. The FTC works for the consumer to prevent fraudulent, deceptive, and unfair business practices in the marketplace and to provide information to help consumers spot, stop, and avoid them. To file a complaint in English or Spanish (bilingual counselors are available to take complaints), or to get free information on any of 150 consumer topics, call toll-free, 1-877-FTC-HELP (1-877-382-4357), or use the complaint form at http://www.ftc.gov/ftc/complaint.htm. The FTC enters Internet, telemarketing, identity theft, and other fraud-related complaints into Consumer Sentinel, a secure, online database available to thousands of civil and criminal law enforcement agencies in the U.S. and abroad.
Malini Mithal or Carol Jennings,
Bureau of Consumer Protection
202-326-2972 or 202-326-3010