The Federal Trade Commission staff today announced the results of a sweep of 31 funeral homes in the greater New York City metropolitan area, including Kings, New York, Nassau, and Westchester Counties in New York, and Essex County in New Jersey, to test for compliance with the FTC's Funeral Rule. Eleven of those homes appeared to be in violation of the Rule. The sweep - part of an ongoing nationwide law enforcement program - was coordinated by the FTC's Northeast Regional Office. The FTC test shoppers visited the funeral homes to determine whether the homes provided consumers with a copy of an itemized general price list and showed consumers itemized casket and outer burial container price lists in a timely manner, key requirements of the Funeral Rule. (The Funeral Rule is designed to ensure that consumers making funeral arrangements receive price lists and are informed that they can purchase only the goods and services they want or need.)
The 11 funeral homes considered to be in violation of the Funeral Rule have been given the opportunity to resolve the possible law violations by participating in the Funeral Rule Offenders Program (FROP), in lieu of possible formal legal action, which could result in an injunction and civil penalties.
The FROP program, announced in January 1996, was developed as a joint effort between the National Funeral Directors Association (NFDA) and the FTC to boost funeral industry compliance with the Funeral Rule. Under the program, funeral homes that have failed to give test shoppers the itemized price lists in the time and manner required by the Rule are given the option of entering the FROP program rather than face possible formal legal action. If they choose FROP, they make a voluntary payment and enroll in a program, administered by the NFDA, which includes a review of price lists, compliance training and follow-up testing and certification.
The Funeral Rule, promulgated by the Commission in 1984, was revised in 1994. One of the key requirements of the Rule is that funeral homes must give consumers a copy of an itemized general price list, which they can use to comparison shop, at the beginning of any discussion regarding funeral arrangements, goods, services or prices. The general price list must contain a number of disclosures and other information including, for example, that embalming is not necessarily required by law. The FTC's Rule also makes clear that consumers do not have to buy a package funeral, but instead, may pick and choose the goods and services they want.
A free FTC brochure for consumers titled, "Funerals: A Consumer Guide," provides additional information about consumers' rights and legal requirements when planning funerals. A free FTC handbook titled, "Complying with the Funeral Rule," provides information to funeral providers on complying with the FTC's Funeral Rule.
Copies of the news release and the brochures are available from the FTC's Web site at http://www.ftc.gov and also from the FTC's Consumer Response Center, Room 130, 600 Pennsylvania Avenue, N.W., Washington, D.C. 20580. The FTC works for the consumer to prevent fraudulent, deceptive and unfair business practices in the marketplace and to provide information to help consumers spot, stop and avoid them. To file a complaint, or to get free information on any of 150 consumer topics, call toll-free, 1-877-FTC-HELP (1-877-382-4357), or use the complaint form at http://www.ftc.gov.