Statutes Enforced or Administered by the Commission

The Commission has enforcement or administrative responsibilities under more than 70 laws. They are grouped here in three categories: (a) Statutes relating to both the competition and consumer protection missions; (b) statutes relating principally to the competition mission; and (c) statutes relating principally to the consumer protection mission.

The Federal Trade Commission Act is the primary statute of the Commission. Under this Act, the Commission is empowered, among other things, to (a) prevent unfair methods of competition, and unfair or deceptive acts or practices in or affecting commerce; (b) seek monetary redress and other relief for conduct injurious to consumers; (c) prescribe trade regulation rules defining with specificity acts or practices that are unfair or deceptive, and establishing requirements designed to prevent such acts or practices; (d) conduct investigations relating to the organization, business, practices, and management of entities engaged in commerce; and (e) make reports and legislative recommendations to Congress.

Displaying 41 - 60 of 73

Identity Theft Assumption and Deterrence Act of 1998

Mission:

Consumer Protection

Rule/Law:

codified in relevant part at 18 U.S.C. § 1028 note

Section 5 of this Act, Pub. L. No. 105-318, 112 Stat. 3007, makes the FTC a central clearinghouse for identity theft complaints. The Act requires the FTC to log and acknowledge such complaints, provide victims with relevant information, and refer their complaints to appropriate entities (e.g., the major national consumer reporting agencies and other law enforcement agencies).

International Antitrust Enforcement Assistance Act of 1994

Mission:

Competition

Rule/Law:

15 U.S.C. §§ 46, 57b-1, 1311, 1312, 6201, 6201 note, 6202-6212)

The Act authorizes the Federal Trade Commission and the Justice Department to enter into mutual assistance agreements with foreign antitrust authorities. Under such agreements, U.S. and foreign authorities may share, subject to certain restrictions, evidence of antitrust violations and provide each other with investigatory assistance.

Interstate Commerce Commission Termination Act of 1995

Mission:

Competition

Rule/Law:

codified at scattered sections of the U.S. Code, particularly 49 U.S.C. §§ 10101-11917

Under Section 102(a) of the Act (codified in relevant part at 49 U.S.C. § 10706(e)(1)), the Federal Trade Commission, in consultation with the Department of Justice, is required to file with the Surface Transportation Board within the Department of Transportation periodic reports that assess and make recommendations concerning possible anticompetitive features of rate agreements among common carriers.

Lanham Trade-Mark Act

Mission:

Competition

Consumer Protection

Rule/Law:

15 U.S.C. §§ 1051-1127, as amended

Section 14 of this Act (15 U.S.C. § 1064) authorizes the Commission, under certain specified conditions, to apply to the Patent and Trademark Office for the cancellation of registered trade-marks.

Magnuson Moss Warranty-Federal Trade Commission Improvements Act

Mission:

Consumer Protection

Rule/Law:

15 U.S.C. §§ 2301-2312

Title I of this Act authorizes the Federal Trade Commission to develop regulations for written and implied warranties. The Act directs the Commission to establish disclosure and designation standards for written warranties, specifies standards for full warranties, and establishes consumer remedies for breach of warranty or service contract obligations.

Medicare Prescription Drug, Improvement, and Modernization Act of 2003

Mission:

Competition

Rule/Law:

Pub. L. No. 108-173, 117 Stat. 2066, codified in relevant part at 42 U.S.C. § 1395w-101 note (section 110), 21 U.S.C. § 355 note (sections 1111-1118), 21 U.S.C. § 355(j)5 (section 1102))

Section 110 of this Act requires the FTC to study and to issue a report on differences in payment amounts for pharmacy services provided to enrollees in group health plans that utilize pharmacy benefit managers, along with recommendations regarding any need for legislation to ensure the fiscal integrity of the voluntary prescription drug benefit program. Sections 1111-1118 require agreements between brand-name and generic pharmaceutical companies regarding the manufacture, marketing, and sale of generic versions of brand-name drug products to be filed with the Commission and DOJ.

Mortgage-Related Provisions of Omnibus Appropriations Act of 2009, Title VI, Section 626

Mission:

Consumer Protection

Rule/Law:

Pub. L. 111-8, 123 Stat. 524, as amended

Section 626 of this Act directs the Federal Trade Commission to issue rules relating to unfair or deceptive acts or practices regarding mortgage loans, including loan modification and foreclosure rescue services. It also authorizes the FTC to enforce the rules and obtain civil penalties for violations. Under the Dodd-Frank Act, the rulemaking authority transferred to the Bureau of Consumer Financial Protection.

Muhammed Ali Boxing Reform Act

Mission:

Competition

Consumer Protection

Rule/Law:

codified to 15 U.S.C. §§ 6301-6313)

This Act, amending the Professional Boxing Safety Act of 1996, specifies that a sanctioning organization may not receive any compensation from a boxing match unless it files its bylaws and a complete description of its ratings criteria, policies, and general sanctioning fee schedule with the FTC. The Act further directs the FTC to make this information available to the public. A sanctioning organization does not have to submit this information to the FTC, however, if it makes the information accessible through a public website.

National Cooperative Research and Production Act of 1993

Mission:

Competition

Rule/Law:

15 U.S.C. §§ 4301-4306

This Act establishes certain protections for any joint research and development venture as to which a voluntary, prior written notification has been filed with the Attorney General and the Federal Trade Commission. Specifically, in any antitrust suit brought under the Clayton Act relating to the conduct of such a venture, recovery by the plaintiff is limited to actual damages, interest, and reasonable attorney's fees.

Packers and Stockyards Act

Mission:

Competition

Consumer Protection

Rule/Law:

7 U.S.C. §§ 181-229, as amended

Section 406 of this Act (7 U.S.C. § 227) extends the Commission's jurisdiction to cover such activities of meat packers as are not related to the sale of livestock, meat products, and the like; transactions in oleomargarine; and retail sales of meat and related products. Other matters involving meat and related products are subject to the Commission's jurisdiction if the Secretary of Agriculture so requests or, in certain circumstances, where action by the Commission is necessary to exercise effective jurisdiction over retail sales of such products.

Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, Sections 3012 and 4001

Mission:

Competition

Consumer Protection

Rule/Law:

Pub. L. 111-148, 124 Stat. 119, codified in relevant part at 42 U.S.C. § 280j note and 42 U.S.C. § 300u-10

This Act to reform health care provides for the FTC to participate in the Interagency Working Group on Health Care Quality and the National Prevention, Health Promotion and Public Health Council, both established under the Act.

Postal Accountability and Enhancement Act

Mission:

Competition

Rule/Law:

Pub. L. No. 109-435

Section 404 of this Act, among other things, makes the United States Postal Service subject to FTC enforcement under the FTC Act with respect to unfair methods of competition. The Act also requires the FTC to issue a report concerning federal and state laws that apply differently to the U.S. Postal Service with respect to competitive mail products and to private companies providing similar products.

Restore Online Shopper's Confidence Act

Mission:

Consumer Protection

Rule/Law:

Pub. L. 111-345, 124 Stat. 3618

This Act prohibits any post-transaction third party seller (a seller who markets goods or services online through an initial merchant after a consumer has initiated a transaction with that merchant) from charging any financial account in an Internet transaction unless it has disclosed clearly all material terms of the transaction and obtained the consumer's express informed consent to the charge. The seller must obtain the number of the account to be charged directly from the consumer.

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